Pierre Trudeau's reforms have endured, though not without controversy. The government's deficit-fighting policies under prime ministers Brian Mulroney (1984-93) and Jean Chrétien (1993-2003) constrained the Department's operations and obliged it to focus on its core functions. In 1992, the Department shed its responsibilities for aid and immigration, a return to basics that was partly reflected in its decision to change its name, in 1993, to the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade. In 1995, Parliament recognized this change, encouraging the Department to focus on what it does best-and on what it has done well for 100 years-advancing Canadian interests abroad.
31) Following the election of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney in September 1984, Joe Clark was appointed secretary of state for external affairs. The elimination of apartheid in South Africa remained a priority for both Mulroney and Clark, who is shown here taking a break during the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Zambia, 1987.
(Source: Commonwealth Secretariat)
32) Canadian diplomatic representatives abroad are active in their local host communities in a number of different ways. Shown here are participants in the annual Terry Fox Run, a uniquely Canadian event that raises money for cancer research. Canada's ambassador to Japan, Robert Wright (centre), joins embassy staff and Japanese participants in the 2004 run, with the Tokyo cityscape in the background
(Source: Embassy of Canada in Tokyo)
37) Since the 1980s, the Department has spearheaded Canadian efforts to exploit the opportunities available in the new global economy. Here, in January 2008, International Trade Minister David Emerson and Swiss Federal Councillor Doris Leuthard sign a free-trade agreement between Canada and the four countries of the European Free Trade Association.
(Source: Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada)
38) Young foreign service officers help evacuate Canadians from war-torn Lebanon in July 2006. The Department is actively recruiting a new generation of foreign service officers as it renews itself to confront the challenges of its next century.
(Source: David Foxall)