Canada and the G7
The Group of Seven (G7) is an informal grouping of seven of the world’s advanced economies consisting of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The forum offers an opportunity for G7 Leaders, Ministers and policy makers to come together each year to build consensus and set trends around some of today’s most challenging global issues.
The European Union (EU) was first invited to attend the G7 in 1977 and the President of the European Commission has attended all of its sessions since 1981. Both the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission represent the EU at G7 summits.
How the G7 works
The role of chairing the G7 rotates each calendar year among the member countries in the following order: France, United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, Italy and Canada. The European Union is not part of this hosting rotation.
The country holding the G7 presidency is responsible for hosting and organizing the summit. It also organizes a number of ministerial-level preparatory meetings in the lead-up to the main event. The chair sets the agenda for its year and is responsible for speaking on behalf of the G7. The chair also engages non-member countries, non-governmental organizations and international organizations.
The host country organizes several preparatory meetings before the summit. G7 leaders’ appoint personal representatives, known as Sherpas, to attend these meetings to discuss potential agenda items. The Sherpas, usually high-ranking government officials, communicate directly with each other throughout the year. For the 2017 Taormina Summit, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s Sherpa will be Peter M. Boehm, Deputy Minister of International Development.
During the mid-1970s, the global economy was suffering from its first oil shock and the financial crisis which followed. The G7 emerged as a response, first bringing together the five heads of state and government from the leading industrialized nations, France, West Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States, to discuss international economic policy. Italy was invited by France to join in 1975 and a year later, in 1976, Canada’s Prime Minister was extended an invitation to the G7 by the President of the United States.
In 1997, Russia was invited to join the G7 in recognition of the economic and democratic reforms it had undertaken at the time. Russia formally joined the G7 in 1998, and until 2013 the G7 met as the G8. In 2014, Russia’s violation of Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity led to its suspension. As a result, the G8 reverted to the G7.
Today, G7 leaders meet in summit format once a year. The next G7 Summit will be held in Taormina, Italy, from May 26-27, 2017. Canada will host its sixth G7 Summit in 2018.
G7 summits Canada has hosted
Canada has hosted five G7 summits to date, including:
- Muskoka (2010)
- Kananaskis (2002)
- Halifax (1995)
- Toronto (1988)
- Ottawa-Montebello (1981)
G7 ministerial documents
- 11 April 2017 (Lucca) - G7 Statement on Non-proliferation and Disarmament (PDF | 267 KB)
- 11 April 2017 (Lucca) - G7 Declaration on Responsible States Behaviour in Cyberspace (PDF | 438 KB)
- 10-11 April 2017 (Lucca) - G7 Foreign Ministers’ Meeting Joint Communique (PDF | 569 KB)
- 9-10 April 2017 (Rome) - G7 Energy Ministerial Meeting Chair’s Summary (PDF)
- 31 March 2017 (Florence) - G7 Culture Ministers’ Statement (PDF)
G7 summit documents
- 27 May 2016 - G7 Ise-Shima Leaders' Declaration(PDF)
- Annex - G7 Action to Fight Corruption (PDF)
- Annex - G7 Principles and Actions on Cyber (PDF)
- Annex - G7 Ise-Shima Vision for Global Health (PDF)
- Annex - G7 Ise-Shima Principles for Promoting Quality Infrastructure Investment (PDF)
- Annex - G7 Action Plan on Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism (PDF)
- Annex - G7 Guiding Principles for Capacity Building of Women and Girls: Towards Sustainable, Inclusive and Equitable Growth and Peace (PDF)
- 16 May 2016 - Ise-Shima Progress Report Summary (PDF)
- 16 May 2016 - Ise-Shima Progress Report (PDF)
G7 Ministerial Documents
- 20 September 2016 (New York) - G7 Foreign Ministers’ Statement on Recent Developments in Asia (PDF)
- 20 September 2016 (New York) - G7 Foreign Ministers’ Statement on Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism (PDF)
- 15-17 May (Tsukuba) - Communique from G7 Science and Technology Ministers’ Meeting(PDF)
- 15-16 May 2016 (Toyama) - Communique from G7 Environment Ministers’ Meeting (PDF)
- 14-15 May 2016 (Kurashiki) - Declaration from G7 Education Ministers’ Meeting (PDF)
- 1-2 May 2016 (Kitakyushu) - Declaration from G7 Energy Ministers’ Meeting(PDF)
- 29-30 April 2016 (Takamatsu) - Declaration from G7 Information and Communications Ministers’ Meeting(PDF)
- 23-24 April 2016 (Niigata) - Declaration from G7 Agriculture Ministers’ Meeting (PDF)
- 11 April 2016 (Hiroshima) - G7 Foreign Ministers' Hiroshima Declaration on Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation (PDF)
- 11 April 2016 (Hiroshima)- G7 Foreign Ministers' Meeting - Joint Communiqué (PDF)
- 11 April 2016 (Hiroshima)- G7 Foreign Ministers' Statement on Maritime Security
- 11 April 2016 (Hiroshima)- G7 Statement on Non-proliferation and Disarmament (PDF)
G7 summit documents
- 8 June 2015 - Leaders’ G7 Declaration (PDF)
- 8 June 2015 - Annex - G7 Declaration (PDF)
- 22 May 2015 - G7 Elmau Progress Report: Biodiversity - A Vital Foundation for Sustainable Development (PDF)
- 22 May 2015 - Executive Summary
- 15 April 2015 - G7 Statement on Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, Lübeck (PDF)
- 13 February 2015 - G7 Leaders Statement on Ukraine
G7 Ministerial Documents
- 12-13 October 2015 (Berlin) - G7 Labour and Development Ministers’ Statement (PDF)
- 8-9 September 2015 (Berlin) - G7 Science Ministers’ Statement
- 8-9 September (Berlin) - G7 Health Ministers’ Statement (PDF)
- 11-12 May 2015 (Hamburg) - Communiqué from G7 Energy Ministers Meeting, Hamburg (PDF)
- 15 April 2015 (Lübeck) - G7 Foreign Ministers’ Meeting Communiqué, Lübeck
- 15 April 2015 (Lübeck) - Beyond Ebola: a G7 agenda to help prevent future crises and enhance security in Africa, Lübeck
- 15 April 2015 (Lübeck) - G7 Foreign Ministers’ Declaration on Maritime Security, Lübeck
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