Canada and Ireland relations
Relations between Ireland and Canada are close, based on:
- family ties
- cultural affinities
- shared democratic political traditions
Over 4.4 million Canadians (or 14% of the population) claim some Irish ancestry, making Irish the fourth-largest ethnic group in Canada. Canada and Ireland established diplomatic ties in 1939. In recent years, shared values and interests have provided the basis to further strength of the Canada-Ireland relationship, particularly in meeting the challenges of domestic and global governance. There is a growing dialogue and increased cooperation and sharing of "best practices" on:
- development assistance
- parliamentary reform
- other social and economic policies
Internationally, Canada and Ireland collaborate closely at the United Nations, in the Human Security Network and during other international discussions to advance our strong commitment to:
- development assistance - particularly with respect to Africa
Both Ireland and Canada were leaders in building international support for the Ottawa Treaty to ban landmines.
Relations between both countries’ parliaments have been particularly active since 1988, when the Ireland-Canada interparliamentary group was established. The group is the largest of its kind in Canada's Parliament. High-level visits and business missions are a key element in the Canada-Ireland relationship.
Canada and Ireland are party to several bilateral treaties, including a:
- Double Taxation Treaty (2003)
- Social Security Agreement (1992)
- Film and Video Relations Agreement (1989)
A Blue Skies air agreement was signed between Ireland and Canada in April 2007. It allows Canadian and Irish air-carriers to provide services between cities in Canada and in Ireland. It also allows Canadian and Irish carriers to use each other’s country as a platform to serve other destinations. In the spring of 2014, year-round direct flights between Canada and Ireland were established by two carriers. A seasonal service between Atlantic Canada and Dublin was also established on a seasonal basis. The Working Holiday Programme agreement signed by both governments in 2003, has been effective at strengthening ties between Canadian and Irish youth. This initiative gives young Canadian and Irish adults (under 35 years of age) the opportunity to work or vacation in the other country.
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