Nuclear Security Summit process
The Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) process was launched to address the urgent and immediate threat to global security posed by nuclear terrorism. The Summits provided a unique opportunity for Leaders from 52 countries, including Canada, to focus on making commitments to prevent nuclear terrorism through strengthening international nuclear security. A total of four Summits were held, in 2010 (Washington, D.C.), in 2012 (Seoul), 2014 (The Hague), and 2016 (Washington, D.C.).
Canada strongly supports the NSS process, which is a critical tool for encouraging the international community to address shared challenges through effective nuclear security cooperation. Canada is currently chairing the “Nuclear Security Contact Group” which aims to sustain the momentum generated by the NSS process, and to help implement commitments arising from the Summits.
Through its WMD Threat Reduction Program, Canada has made significant commitments in the NSS process, including $42 million at the 2016 NSS for new nuclear security projects overseas, including:
- combating illicit trafficking
- improving physical protection of nuclear facilities
- promoting safe management and disposal of radioactive sources
- improving transportation security
- supporting international organizations and initiatives such as the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT), INTERPOL, and the International Atomic Energy Agency
In previous Summits, Canada also announced the repatriation of US-origin spent highly-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel and HEU-bearing liquids and HEU-booster rods by 2018, with efforts remaining on track. At the 2016 Summit, Canada announced further efforts to minimize stocks of HEU and to transfer separated plutonium to the US to be recycled into fuel for nuclear energy.
The 2016 Summit featured 18 Joint Statements, two of which were co-led by Canada. One was with Spain and the Republic of Korea on the full and universal implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540. The other was with the United Kingdom on providing certification training for nuclear security management.
Full implementation of Canada’s commitments from previous Summits are detailed in Canada’s National Progress Report. Canada’s National Statement outlines the new commitments made at the 2016 Summit.
- 2016 Nuclear Security Summit
- Past Nuclear Security Summits: 2014 Summit, 2012 Summit, 2010 Summit
- NSS 2016 Joint Statement on Full and universal implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540
- NSS 2016 Joint Statement on Providing certification training for nuclear security management
- Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT)
- International Atomic Energy Agency
- Canada’s National Progress Report
- Canada’s National Statement
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