Nuclear Suppliers Group

Canada is a founding member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) which was created in 1974 following the explosion of a nuclear device in India, a non-nuclear weapon state. The event in India demonstrated that nuclear technology was spreading and may not always be used for peaceful purposes.

The goal of the NSG is to support the effective implementation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) by establishing clear rules on nuclear transfers.

Guidelines on nuclear trade for peaceful purposes

Through guidelines the NSG aims to ensure that nuclear trade for peaceful purposes does not contribute to the proliferation of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices. These guidelines seek to control materials and technology that could make a significant contribution to an unsafeguarded nuclear fuel cycle or nuclear explosive activity.

The NSG also supports communication and information sharing amongst participating governments regarding possible nuclear proliferation issues.

Through these meetings, Canada and the NSG ensure that the most stringent nuclear and nuclear-related export controls are in place through the continual strengthening and revision of the NSG Guidelines.

Control lists for nuclear material, equipment, and technology

Global Affairs Canada implements the Group’s control lists for nuclear material, equipment, and technology. This requires a permit for the export of listed nuclear material, equipment, and technology or related goods.

In addition, a licence must be issued by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission following the provisions of the Nuclear Safety and Control Act.

A permit and licence are issued only when the responsible officials are satisfied that the proposed export meets all of Canada’s stringent nuclear non-proliferation requirements.

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