Canada and Lithuania relations

Lithuania is represented in Canada by an Embassy in Ottawa. Lithuania also has Honorary Consulates in Vancouver, Edmonton, Toronto and Montreal.

Bilateral Relations

2016 marked the 25th anniversary of the re-establishment of diplomatic relations between Canada and Lithuania, and our ties have never been stronger. Canada did not recognize the Soviet annexation of the Baltic States and was one of the first countries to recognize the restoration of Lithuania's independence. Canada and Lithuania collaborate closely at the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Canada and Lithuania also work together internationally on issues of human rights and diversity, including addressing trafficking of persons, advancing gender equality and LGBT rights, and promoting social inclusion.  Today, Canada’s large Lithuanian-Canadian community (estimated at about 49,000 individuals) underpins the countries’ dynamic bilateral relations.

Military Cooperation

Canada was one of the first countries to ratify Lithuania's accession to NATO in 2004, and Canada and Lithuania continue to enjoy positive and constructive defence relations, mainly through the NATO framework.

Canada’s engagement in the Baltic region has been increasing in line with NATO’s strengthened assurance and deterrence measures in the region. The most visible element of this defence posture is the establishment of NATO’s enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) in Central and Eastern Europe, made up of multinational NATO battlegroups deployed in Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, and Poland. Canada has taken a leading role as eFP Framework Nation in Latvia, and has deployed Canadian troops into the battlegroup under Operation REASSURANCE. Canada also contributes Canadian Armed Forces personnel to the NATO Force Integration Unit in Lithuania. Canada contributed $1 million to the NATO Energy Security Centre of Excellence based in Vilnius, Lithuania to help improve energy efficiency in the operational environment and reduce dependency on energy supply chains.

Trade and Investment

Bilateral merchandise trade between Canada and Lithuania totaled $422.8 million at the end of 2016. For the same year, Canadian merchandise exports to Lithuania reached $51.1 million, and included machinery, motor vehicles and parts, fish and seafood, and electrical machinery and equipment. Canadian merchandise imports from Lithuania reached $371.7 million in 2016, and, included mineral fuels and oils, furniture and bedding, scientific and technical instruments, and fertilizers.  

Canada and the European Union signed the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) at the Canada-EU Summit on October 30, 2016. Provisional application of CETA started on September 21, 2017, at which time all economically significant parts of the Agreement entered into force. CETA is expected to generate new economic opportunities for both Canada and Lithuania.

Education Cooperation and Youth Mobility

Each year, Canada hosts a number of international students from Lithuania. The International Experience Canada program functions under the Canada-Lithuanian Youth Mobility Agreement, and facilitates Canadian and Lithuanian youth (between the ages of 18 and 35) to obtain a work or residence permit to engage in short-term employment in the other country.

Entry Requirements

As of March 15, 2016, visa-exempt foreign nationals require an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to board their flight to Canada when transiting through Canada or coming to Canada for short-term stays to visit, do business, study or work. This includes Lithuanian citizens. Applying for an eTA is a simple, inexpensive ($7) online process that takes just minutes to complete. All travellers need are a valid passport, a credit or debit card, an email address and access to the Internet. Apply at


Canada and Lithuania have several bilateral agreements and Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs), including: the Youth Mobility Agreement (2010); Social Security Agreement (2006); and an Agreement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation (1997).

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