Promoting security and stability
The government of Canada is focusing on training and advising local security forces to take their fight directly to Daesh. To this end, additional military resources will be dedicated to supporting Coalition partners at various headquarters and to training, advising and assisting Iraqi security forces in their efforts to degrade and defeat Daesh. While Canada will cease air strike operations, aerial refueling and surveillance activities will continue. As well, stabilization and counter-terrorism measures and chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear security programming in the region will be enhanced.
Canada is undertaking the following activities, in close co-ordination with key Coalition allies and local and international partners to accomplish the goal of promoting security and stability:
Military efforts continue to play an important role in setting the conditions necessary to deal with the threat posed by Daesh. Following discussions with the Government of Iraq and Coalition partners, Canada extended its military engagement in Iraq and Syria under Operation IMPACT until March 31, 2017, and is making the following contributions under its new approach:
- increasing the complement of military personnel from approximately 650 to approximately 830.
- Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel will be deployed at various Global Coalition headquarters to further support Coalition and Iraqi security forces in the planning and execution of military operations. More specifically they will provide high-demand expertise in the areas of operational planning, targeting, and intelligence.
- As a part of Joint Task Force-Iraq, the CAF operates an all-source intelligence centre, responsible for collecting, synthesizing, and analyzing information derived from a variety of sources. This intelligence is then used to inform operational planning, ultimately contributing to the protection of Coalition forces and the conduct of Coalition operations.
- Train, advise, and assist: tripling the size of its train, advise, and assist mission to help Iraqi security forces plan and conduct military operations against Daesh. As part of this mission we are:
- deploying CAF medical personnel to provide training to Iraqi security forces in the conduct of casualty management in a battlefield context as well as to provide medical support to CAF personnel and our partners;
- providing equipment such as small arms, ammunition and optics to assist in the training of Iraqi security forces. The provision of such equipment will be carried out in accordance with Canadian and international law, including the Law of Armed Conflict; and,
- deploying three CH-146 Griffon helicopters to enhance in-theatre tactical transport, including medical evacuations if required. The Griffons and their crews excel in the tactical transportation of troops and materiel. A variety of self-defence weapons are fitted to the aircraft for the deployment.
- Air Task Force-Iraq: maintain the current air contribution of one CC-150 Polaris aerial refuelling aircraft and up to two CP-140 Aurora aerial surveillance aircraft, along with associated aircrew and support personnel. These aircraft continue to conduct operations throughout the Coalition theatre.
- Regional capacity building: subject to further discussion with regional partners, Canada will enhance its capacity-building efforts with security forces in Jordan and Lebanon to help prevent the spread of violent extremism. Canada is also offering to provide the Government of Iraq with a team of strategic advisors to the Ministries of Defence and the Interior.
Canada will allocate approximately $305.9 million towards these efforts with an additional $41.9 million allocated for redeployment of personnel and equipment in 2016-17. Recognizing the complexity of the challenging security environment, we will assess at a later date whether the mission should be extended beyond March 31, 2017.
Non-military security efforts
Other Government of Canada security initiatives include:
- $145 million over the next three years towards counter-terrorism; stabilization and chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) security programming.
- continuing efforts to: support security forces and law enforcement capacity building and training; stem the flow of foreign terrorist fighters; cut off Daesh’s access to financing and funding; counter Daesh’s propaganda; and engage in other security and stabilization efforts, such as mitigating the risks posed by explosive remnants of war and providing assistance to enable the return of internally-displaced persons to newly liberated areas.
These initiatives will also be undertaken in close consultation and collaboration with local and international partners, including Coalition partners and allies.
On May 5, 2016, Canada signed a memorandum of understanding with Jordan to increase cooperation between the two countries on security and stabilization in the region. For more information, see Canada and Jordan cooperate on security and fighting terrorism.
For more information, please see:
- Canada to support peace operations
- Listed Terrorist Entities
- Canadian Sanctions Related to Terrorist Entities, including Al-Qaida and Taliban
- Counter-terrorism Strategy
- Passenger Protect Program
- Building Resilience Against Terrorism: Canada's Counter-terrorism Strategy
- Kanishka Project
- Community Outreach and Engagement to Counter Violent Extremism
- Date Modified: