Consolidated TPP Text – Annex I – Schedule of Singapore

Introductory Notes

1. Description sets out the non-conforming aspects of the measure to which the entry applies.

2. In accordance with Article 9.12.1 (Non-Conforming Measures) and Article 10.7.1 (Non-Conforming Measures), the articles of this Agreement specified in the Obligations Concerned element of an entry do not apply to the non-conforming measures identified in the Description element of that entry.

3. In the interpretation of an entry, all elements of the entry shall be considered.

4. For greater certainty, the fact that Singapore has described a measure in the Description element of an entry does not necessarily mean that, in the absence of such an entry, the measure would be inconsistent with Singapore’s obligation under Chapter 9 (Investment), Chapter 10 (Cross-Border Trade in Services) and Chapter 11 (Financial Services).

Sector:

All

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

This is an administrative policy of the Government of Singapore and is inscribed in the Memorandum and Articles of Association of PSA Corporation.

Description:

Investment

The aggregate of foreign shareholdings in PSA Corporation or its successor body is subject to a 49 per cent limit.

The “aggregate of foreign shareholdings” is defined as the total number of shares owned by:

Sector:

All

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

This is an administrative policy of the Government of Singapore and is inscribed in the Memorandum and Articles of Association of the relevant enterprises below.

Description:

Investment

All individual investors, apart from the Singapore government, will be subject to the following equity ownership limits in the enterprises, or its successor bodies, as listed below:

For the purposes of this entry, ownership of equity by an investor in these enterprises or its successor bodies includes both direct and indirect ownership of equity.

Sector:

All

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Business Registration Act, Cap. 32

Business Registration Regulations

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Where a person required to be registered under the Business Registration Act, Cap. 32, 2001 Rev Ed, is, or, in the case of any corporation, the directors are, or the secretary of the corporation is, not ordinarily resident in Singapore, a local managerFootnote 1 must be appointed.

Sector:

Business Services

Sub-Sector:

Leasing or rental services concerning private cars, goods transport vehicles and other land transport equipment without operator

Industry Classification:

CPC 83101, 83102, 83105 Leasing or rental services concerning private cars, goods transport vehicles and other land transport equipment without operator

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Road Traffic Act, Cap. 276, 2004 Rev Ed

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

The cross-border rental of private cars, goods transport vehicles and other land transport equipment without operator by Singapore residents with the intent to use the vehicles in Singapore is prohibited.

Sector:

Business Services

Sub-Sector:

Patent agent services

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Measures:

Patents Act, Cap. 221, 2005 Rev Ed

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only service suppliers registered with the Intellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS) or its successor body and resident in Singapore shall be allowed to carry on a business, practise or act as a patent agent in Singapore.

Only service suppliers which have at least one Singapore-registered patent agent resident in Singapore either as a director or partner, shall be allowed to carry on a business, practise or act as a patent agent in Singapore.

Sector:

Business Services

Sub-Sector:

Placement and supply services of personnel

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Employment Agencies Act, Cap. 92

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only service suppliers with local presence shall be allowed to set up employment agencies and place foreign workers in Singapore.

Sector:

Business Services

Sub-Sector:

Private investigation services

Unarmed guard services

Industry Classification:

CPC 87301 Investigation Services

CPC 87302 Security Consultation Services

CPC 87305 Guard Services (only applies to unarmed security guard services)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Private Security Industry Act, Cap. 250A, 2008 Rev Ed

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Foreigners are permitted to set up security agencies to provide unarmed guards for hire but must register a company with local participation. At least two of the directors must be a Singapore national.

Foreigners, except Malaysians, shall not be allowed to work as guards, but can be involved in the administration of the company.

The foreign directors shall produce a certificate of no criminal conviction from their country of origin or a statutory declaration before a Singapore commissioner of oaths, to the effect that they have never been convicted in any court of law for any criminal offence.

Sector:

Community, Personal and Social Services

Sub-Sector:

Services furnished by co-operative societies

Industry Classification:

CPC 959 Services furnished by membership organizations n.e.c (only applies to co-operative society services)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Existing Measures:

Co-operative Societies Act, Cap. 62, 2009 Rev Ed

Co-operative Societies Rules 2009

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services 

Only service suppliers with a local presence can be registered under the Co-operative Societies Act. Registration allows a co-operative society to be exempt from taxation measures applicable to other enterprises. Instead, co-operative societies are required to make a two-tier contribution of their surplus to the Central Co-operative Fund (CCF) and CCF/Singapore Labour Foundation respectively as the society may opt.

As a general rule, only Singapore citizens are allowed to hold office or be a member of the management committee of a co-operative society. Foreigners may be allowed to hold office or be a member of the management committee of a co-operative society, with the approval of the Registrar of Co-operative Societies.

A person who is not a Singapore citizen can form and join a co-operative society if he or she is resident in Singapore.

Sector:

Education Services

Sub-Sector:

Higher education services in relation to the training of doctors

Industry Classification:

CPC 92390 Other Higher Education Services

(Only applies to Higher Education Services in relation to the training of doctors)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Medical Registration Act, Part V, Specialist Accreditation Board, Sections 2, 3, 34 and 35

Private Education Act, Cap. 247A, 2011 Rev Ed

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only local tertiary institutions which are established pursuant to an Act of Parliament, or as designated by the Ministry of Education shall be allowed to operate undergraduate or graduate programmes for the training of doctors in Singapore.

Currently, only the National University of Singapore and the Nanyang Technological University are allowed to operate undergraduate or graduate programmes for the training of doctors in Singapore.

Sector:

Health and Social Services

Sub-Sector:

Medical services

Pharmacy services

Deliveries and related services, nursing services, physiotherapeutic and para-medical services and allied health services

Optometrists and opticians

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Medical Registration Act, Cap. 174

Pharmacists Registration Act, Cap. 230

Medicines Act, Cap. 176,

Medicines (Registration of Pharmacies) Regulations, Cap. 176, Regulation 4

Nurses and Midwives Act, Cap. 209

Allied Health Professions Act, Act 1 of 2011

Optometrists and Opticians Act, Cap. 213A

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only persons who are resident in Singapore are allowed to provide the following services: medical services, pharmacy services, deliveries and related services, nursing services, physiotherapeutic and para-medical services and allied health services and optometry and opticianry services.

Sector:

Import, export and trading services

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Regulation of Imports and Exports Act, Cap. 272A

Regulation of Imports and Exports Regulations

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only services suppliers with local presence shall be allowed to apply for import/export permits, certificates of origin or other trade documents from the relevant authorities.

Sector:

Postal Services

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Postal Services Act, Cap. 237A

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

For the provision of basic letter services, all service suppliers must be incorporated as companies under the Companies Act, Cap. 50, 2006 Rev Ed.

Sector:

Telecommunications Services

Sub-Sector:

Telecommunications services

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Info-communications Development Authority of Singapore Act, Cap. 137A

Telecommunications Act, Cap. 323

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

1. Facilities-based operators and service-based operators must be locally incorporated under the Companies Act, Cap. 50, 2006 Rev Ed.

“Facilities-based operators” are operators who deploy any form of telecommunication networks, systems and facilities, outside of their own property boundaries, to offer telecommunication services to third parties, which may include other licensed telecommunication operators, business customers, or the general public.

“Services-based operators” are operators who lease telecommunication network elements (such as transmission capacity and switching services) from any Facilities-Based Operator (FBO) licensed by the IDA so as to provide their own telecommunication services, or to resell the telecommunication services of FBOs to third parties.

2. The number of licences granted will be limited only by resource constraints, such as the availability of radio frequency spectrum.  In view of spectrum constraints, parties interested in deploying networks based on wireless technology may be licensed to use radio frequency spectrum via a tender or auction process.

Sector:

Telecommunications Services

Sub-Sector:

Telecommunications services

Domain name allocation policies in Internet country code top level domains (ccTLDs) corresponding to Singapore territories (.sg)

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Info-communications Development Authority of Singapore Act, Cap. 137A

Telecommunications Act, Cap. 323

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), which recognises the ultimate authority of sovereign Governments over ccTLDs corresponding to their territories.

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

A registrar must be a company incorporated or a foreign company registered under the Companies Act, Cap. 50, 2006 Rev Ed.

Sector:

Power Supply

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Electricity Act, Cap. 89A, 2002 Rev Ed, Sections 6(1) and 9(1)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Power producers shall not be allowed to sell power directly to consumers and shall only sell power through the Singapore electricity wholesale market operators licensed by the Energy Market Authority. 

The amount of power supplied cumulatively by power producers located outside of Singapore to Singapore’s wholesale power market shall not exceed 600 MW.

Sector:

Power Supply

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Electricity Act, Cap. 89A, 2002 Rev Ed, Sections 6(1) and 9(1)

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only a Market Support Service Licensee shall be allowed to supply electricity to:

Sector:

Power Transmission and Distribution

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Electricity Act, Cap. 89A, 2002 Rev Ed, Sections 6(1) and 9(1)

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only a Transmission Licensee shall be the owner and operator of the electricity transmission and distribution network in Singapore.

Sector:

Tourism and Travel Related Services

Sub-Sector:

Food or beverage serving services in eating facilities run by the government

Food or beverage catering services

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Environmental Public Health Act, Cap. 95, 2002 Rev Ed

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only a Singapore national can apply for a licence to operate a stall in government-run markets or hawker centres, in their personal capacity.

To supply food or beverage catering services in Singapore, a foreign service supplier must incorporate as a limited company in Singapore, and apply for the food establishment licence in the name of the limited company.

Sector:

Sewage and Refuse Disposal, Sanitation and other Environmental Protection Services

Sub-Sector:

Waste management, including collection, disposal, and treatment of hazardous waste

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Environmental Public Health Act,Cap. 95

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Foreign service suppliers must be locally incorporated in Singapore.

The public waste collectors (PWCs) rendering services to domestic and trade premises are appointed by public competitive tender. The number of PWCs is limited by the number of geographical sectors in Singapore. For industrial and commercial waste, the market is opened to any licensed general waste collectors (GWCs).

Sector:

Trade Services

Sub-Sector:

Distribution and Sale of Hazardous Substances

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Environmental Protection and Management Act, Cap. 94A, 2002 Rev Ed, Section 22

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only service suppliers with a local presence shall be allowed to distribute and sell hazardous substances as defined in the Environmental Protection and Management Act.

Singapore reserves the right and flexibility to modify or increase the list of hazardous substances as defined or listed in the Environmental Protection and Management Act.

Sector:

Trade Services

Sub-Sector:

Distribution services

Retailing services

Wholesale trade services

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Medicines Act, Cap. 176, 1985 Rev Ed

Health Products Act, Cap. 122D,2008 Rev Ed

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only service suppliers with a local presence shall be allowed to supply wholesale, retail and distribution services for medical and health-related products and materials as defined under the Medicines Act and Health Products Act, intended for purposes such as treating, alleviating, preventing or diagnosing any medical condition, disease or injury, as well as any other such items that may have an impact on the health and well-being of the human body.

Such products and materials include but are not limited to drugs and pharmaceuticals, traditional medicines, health supplements, diagnostic test kits, medical devices, cosmetics, tobacco products, radioactive materials and irradiating apparatuses. 

Singapore reserves the right and flexibility to modify or increase the list of medical and health-related products and materials as defined or listed in the Medicines Act and Health Products Act.

Sector:

Transport Services

Sub-Sector:

Air transport services

Passengers transportation by air

Freight transportation by air

Industry Classification:

CPC 731 Passenger Transportation by Air

CPC 732 Freight Transportation by Air

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Air Navigation (Licensing of Air Services) Regulations, Cap. 6, Regulation 2

Description:

Investment

Service suppliers providing air transport services (for both passenger and freight) as a Singapore designated airline may have to be “effectively controlled” and/ or “substantially owned” by the Government or citizens of Singapore or both.

Sector:

Transport Services

Sub-Sector:

Maritime transport services

Cargo handling services

Pilotage Services

Supply of desalinated water to ships berthed at Singapore ports or in Singapore territorial waters

Industry Classification:

CPC 741 Cargo Handling Services

CPC 74520 Pilotage and Berthing Services (only applies to Pilotage Services)

CPC 74590 Other Supporting Services for Water Transport

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article10.3)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore Act, Cap. 170A, 1997 Rev Ed, Section 81

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only PSA Corporation Ltd and Jurong Port Pte Ltd or their respective successor bodies shall be allowed to provide cargo handling services.

Only PSA Marine Pte Ltd or its successor body shall be allowed to provide pilotage services and supply desalinated water to ships berthed at Singapore ports or in Singapore territorial waters.

Sector:

Transport Services

Sub-Sector:

Maritime transport services

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore Act, Cap. 170A, 1997 Rev Ed, Section 81

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only local service suppliers shall be allowed to operate and manage cruise and ferry terminals.

Local service suppliers are either Singapore citizens or legal persons which are more than 50 per cent owned by Singapore citizens.

Sector:

Transportation and Distribution of Manufactured Gas and Natural Gas

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Gas Act, Cap. 116A, 2002 Rev Ed

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only the holder of a gas transporter licence shall be allowed to transport and distribute manufactured and natural gas.

Only one gas transport licence has been issued given the size of the Singapore market.

Sector:

Manufacturing and Services Incidental to Manufacturing

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)

Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Control of Manufacture Act, Cap. 57, 2004 Rev Ed

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

The manufacture of the following products, and services incidental to the manufacture of these products, in Singapore, may be subject to certain restrictions:

Sector:

All

Sub-Sector:

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Banking Act, Cap. 19, MAS Notice 757

Monetary Authority of Singapore Act, Cap. 186, MAS Notice 1105

Finance Companies Act, Cap. 108, MAS Notice 816

Insurance Act, Cap. 142, MAS Notice 109

Securities and Futures Act, Cap. 289, MAS Notice SFA 04-N04

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

A non-resident financial institution may in certain circumstances be unable to borrow in Singapore dollars more than S$5 million from a resident financial institution owing to the following restrictions placed on financial institutions’ lending of the Singapore dollar to non-resident financial institutions.

A financial institution shall not extend to any non-resident financial institution Singapore dollar credit facilities exceeding S$5 million per non-resident financial institution:

A financial institution shall not arrange Singapore dollar equity or bond issues for any non-resident financial institution where the Singapore dollar proceeds are to be used outside Singapore, unless the proceeds are swapped or converted into foreign currency upon draw-down or before remittance abroad.

“Non-residents financial institution” means any financial institution which is not a resident as defined in the relevant notice.

Sector:

Business Services

Sub-Sector:

Credit bureau services

Industry Classification:

Obligations Concerned:

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Administrative measure pursuant to the Monetary Authority of Singapore Act, Cap. 186

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Singapore reserves the right to limit the number of suppliers of credit bureau services where information provided by the supplier of credit bureau services is obtained from financial institutions in Singapore. The supplier must be established in Singapore.

Date Modified: