Consolidated TPP Text – Annex I – Schedule of Chile

Introductory Notes

1. Description provides a general non-binding description of the measure for which the entry is made.

2. In accordance with Article 9.12.1 (Non-Conforming Measures) and Article 10.7.1 (Non-Conforming Measures), the articles of this Agreement specified in the Obligations Concerned element of an entry do not apply to the non-conforming aspects of the law, regulation or other measure identified in the Measures element of that entry.

Sector:

All

Sub-Sector:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Decree Law 1.939, Official Gazette, November 10, 1977, Rules for acquisition, administration and disposal of State owned assets, Title I (Decreto Ley 1.939, Diario Oficial, noviembre 10, 1977, Normas sobre adquisición, administración y disposición de bienes del Estado, Título I)

Decree with Force of Law (D.F.L.) 4 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Official Gazette, November 10, 1967 (Decreto con Fuerza de Ley (D.F.L.) 4 del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Diario Oficial, noviembre 10, 1967)

Description:

Investment

Chile may only dispose of the ownership or other rights over “State land” to Chilean natural or juridical persons, unless the applicable legal exceptions, such as in Decree Law 1939 (Decreto Ley 1.939), apply. “State land” for these purposes refers to State owned land up to a distance of 10 kilometres from the border and up to a distance of five kilometres from the coastline, measured from the high-tide line.

Immovable property situated in areas declared “the borderland zone” by virtue of D.F.L. 4 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1967 (D.F.L. 4 del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, 1967) may not be acquired, either as property or in any other title, by (1) natural persons with nationality of a neighbouring country; (2) juridical persons with their principal seat in a neighbouring country; (3) juridical persons with 40 per cent or more of capital owned by natural persons with nationality of a neighbouring country; or (4) juridical persons effectively controlled by such natural persons.  Notwithstanding the foregoing, this limitation may not apply if an exemption is granted by a Supreme Decree ( Decreto Supremo) based on considerations of national interest.

Sector:

All

Sub-Sector:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

D.F.L. 1 of the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Official Gazette, January 24, 1994, Labour Code, Preliminary Title, Book I, Chapter III (D.F.L. 1 del Ministerio del Trabajo y Previsión Social, Diario Oficial, enero 24, 1994, Código del Trabajo, Título Preliminar, Libro I, Capítulo III)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

A minimum of 85 per cent of employees who work for the same employer shall be Chilean natural persons or foreigners with more than five years of residence in Chile. This rule applies to employers with more than 25 employees under a contract of employment (contrato de trabajoFootnote 1). Expert technical personnel shall not be subject to this provision, as determined by the Directorate of Labour (Dirección del Trabajo).

An employee shall be understood to mean any natural person who supplies intellectual or material services, under dependency or subordination, pursuant to a contract of employment.

Sector:

Communications

Sub-Sector:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)

Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Law 18.838, Official Gazette, September 30, 1989, National Television Council, Titles I, II and III (Ley 18.838, Diario Oficial, septiembre 30, 1989, Consejo Nacional de Televisión, Títulos I, II y III)

Law 18.168, Official Gazette, October 2, 1982, General Telecommunications Law, Titles I, II and III (Ley 18.168, Diario Oficial, octubre 2, 1982, Ley General de Telecomunicaciones, Títulos I, II y III)

Law 19.733, Official Gazette, June 4, 2001, Law on Liberties of Opinion and Information and the Exercise of Journalism, Titles I and III (Ley 19.733, Diario Oficial, junio 4, 2001, Ley sobre las Libertades de Opinión e Información y Ejercicio del Periodismo, Títulos I y III)

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

The owner of a social communication medium, such as those that transmit on a regular basis sounds, texts or images, or a national news agency shall, in the case of a natural person, have a duly established domicile in Chile, and in the case of a juridical person, shall be constituted with domicile in Chile or have an agency authorised to operate within the national territory.

Only Chilean nationals may be presidents, administrators or legal representatives of the juridical person.

The owner of a concession to supply (a) public telecommunication services; (b) intermediate telecommunication services supplied to telecommunications services through facilities and networks established for that purpose; and (c) sound broadcasting, shall be a juridical person constituted and domiciled in Chile.

Only Chilean nationals may be presidents, managers, administrators or legal representatives of the juridical person.

In the case of public radio broadcasting services, the board of directors may include foreigners, only if they do not represent the majority.

In the case of a social communication medium, the legally responsible director and the person who subrogates him or her must be Chilean, with domicile and residence in Chile, unless the social communication medium uses a language other than Spanish.

Requests for public radio broadcasting concessions submitted by juridical persons in which foreigners hold an interest exceeding 10 per cent of the capital shall be granted only if proof is previously provided verifying that similar rights and obligations as those that the applicants will enjoy in Chile are granted to Chilean nationals in their country of origin.

The National Television Council (Consejo Nacional de Televisión) may establish, as a general requirement that, programs broadcasted through public (open) television channels include up to 40 per cent of Chilean production.

Sector:

Energy

Sub-Sector:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4)

Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Political Constitution of the Republic of Chile, Chapter III (Constitución Política de la República de Chile, Capítulo III)

Law 18.097, Official Gazette, January 21, 1982, Constitutional Organic Law on Mining Concessions, Titles I, II and III (Ley 18.097, Diario Oficial, enero 21, 1982, Orgánica Constitucional sobre Concesiones Mineras, Títulos I, II y III)

Law 18.248, Official Gazette, October 14, 1983, Mining Code, Titles I and II (Ley 18.248, Diario Oficial, octubre 14, 1983, Código de Minería, Títulos I y II)

Law 16.319, Official Gazette, October 23, 1965, Creates the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission, Titles I, II and III (Ley 16.319, Diario Oficial, octubre 23, 1965, Crea la Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear, Títulos I, II y III)

Description:

Investment

The exploration, exploitation, and treatment (beneficio) of liquid or gaseous hydrocarbons, deposits of any kind existing in sea waters subject to national jurisdiction, and deposits of any kind wholly or partially located in areas classified as important to national security with mining effects, which qualification shall be made by law only, can be the object of administrative concessions or special operating contracts, subject to the requirements and the conditions to be determined in each case by a Supreme Decree. For greater certainty, it is understood that the term “treatment” (beneficio) shall not include the storage, transportation or refining of the energy material referred to in this paragraph.

The production of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes may only be carried out by the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission (Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear) or, with its authorisation, jointly with third persons. Should the Commission grant such an authorisation, it may determine the terms and conditions thereof.

Sector:

Mining

Sub-Sector:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4)

Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Political Constitution of the Republic of Chile, Chapter III (Constitución Política de la República de Chile, Capítulo III)

Law 18.097, Official Gazette, January 21, 1982, Constitutional Organic Law on Mining Concessions, Titles I, II and III (Ley 18.097, Diario Oficial, enero 21, 1982, Orgánica Constitucional sobre Concesiones Mineras, Títulos I, II y III)

Law 18.248, Official Gazette, October 14, 1983, Mining Code, Titles I and III (Ley 18.248, Diario Oficial, octubre 14, 1983, Código de Minería, Títulos I y III)

Law 16.319, Official Gazette, October 23, 1965, Creates the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission, Titles I, II and III (Ley 16.319, Diario Oficial, octubre 23, 1965, Crea la Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear, Títulos I, II y III)

Description:

Investment

The exploration, exploitation, and treatment (beneficio) of lithium, deposits of any kind existing in sea waters subject to national jurisdiction, and deposits of any kind wholly or partially located in areas classified as important to national security with mining effects, which qualification shall be made by law only, can be the object of administrative concessions or special operating contracts, subject to the requirements and the conditions to be determined, in each case by a Supreme Decree.

Chile has the right of first offer at market prices and terms for the purchase of mineral products when thorium and uranium are contained in significant quantities.

For greater certainty, Chile may require that producers separate from mining products the portion of:

Furthermore, only the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission (Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear), or parties authorised by the said Commission, may execute or enter into juridical acts regarding extracted natural atomic materials and lithium, as well as their concentrates, derivatives and compounds.

Sector:

Fisheries

Sub-Sector:

Aquaculture

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Law 18.892, Official Gazette, 23 December, 1989, General Law on Fisheries and Aquaculture, Titles I and VI (Ley 18.892, Diario Oficial, diciembre 23, 1989, Ley General de Pesca y Acuicultura, Títulos I y VI)

Description:

Investment

Only Chilean natural or juridical persons constituted in accordance with Chilean law and foreigners with permanent residency may hold an authorisation or concession to carry out aquaculture activities.

Sector:

Fisheries and Fishing Related Activities

Sub-Sector:

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Law 18.892, Official Gazette, December 23, 1989, General Law on Fisheries and Aquaculture, Titles I, III, IV and IX (Ley 18.892, Diario Oficial, diciembre 23, 1989, Ley General de Pesca y Acuicultura, Títulos I, III, IV y IX)

Decree Law 2.222, Official Gazette, May 31, 1978, Navigation Law, Titles I and II (Decreto Ley 2.222, Diario Oficial, mayo 31, 1978, Ley de Navegación, Títulos I y II)

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only Chilean natural persons or juridical persons constituted in accordance with Chilean law and foreigners with permanent residency may hold permits to harvest and catch hydrobiological species.

Only Chilean vessels are permitted to fish in internal waters, in the territorial sea and in the exclusive economic zone. “Chilean vessels” are those defined in the Navigation Law (Ley de Navegación). Access to industrial extractive fishing activities shall be subject to prior registration of the vessel in Chile.

Only a Chilean natural or juridical person may register a vessel in Chile. Such juridical person must be constituted in Chile with principal domicile and real and effective seat in Chile. The president, manager and the majority of the directors or administrators must be Chilean natural persons. In addition, more than 50 per cent of its equity capital must be held by Chilean natural or juridical persons. For these purposes, a juridical person with ownership participation in another juridical person that owns a vessel has to comply with all the requirements mentioned above.

A joint ownership (comunidad) may register a vessel if (1) the majority of the joint ownership is Chilean with domicile and residency in Chile; (2) the administrators are Chilean natural persons; and (3) the majority of the rights of the joint ownership (comunidad) belong to a Chilean natural or juridical person. For these purposes, a juridical person with ownership participation in a joint ownership (comunidad) that owns a vessel has to comply with all the requirements mentioned above.

An owner (natural or juridical person) of a fishing vessel registered in Chile prior to June 30, 1991 shall not be subject to the nationality requirement mentioned above.

In cases of reciprocity granted to Chilean vessels by any other country, fishing vessels specifically authorised by the maritime authorities pursuant to powers conferred by law may be exempted from the requirements mentioned above on equivalent terms provided to Chilean vessels by that country.

Access to artisanal fishing (pesca artesanal) activities shall be subject to registration in the Registry for Artisanal Fishing (Registro de Pesca Artesanal).  Registration for artisanal fishing (pesca artesanal) is only granted to Chilean natural persons and foreign natural persons with permanent residency, or a Chilean juridical person constituted by the aforementioned persons.

Sector:

Sports, Hunting, and Recreational Services

Sub-Sector:

Obligations Concerned:

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Law 17.798, Official Gazette, October 21, 1972, Title I (Ley 17.798, Diario Oficial, octubre 21, 1972, Título I)

Supreme Decree 83 of the Ministry of National Defense, Official Gazette, May 13, 2008 (Decreto Supremo 83 del Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Diario Oficial, mayo 13, 2008)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Any person who owns guns, explosives or similar substances must register with the appropriate authority in its domicile, for which purpose a request shall be submitted to the General Directorate for National Mobilisation of the Ministry of National Defence (Dirección General de Movilización Nacional del Ministerio de Defensa Nacional).

Any natural or juridical person registered as an importer of fireworks may request authorisation for importation and entrance thereof into Chile from the General Directorate for National Mobilisation (Dirección General de Movilización Nacional) and may keep stocks of the said elements for sale to persons holding authorisation to stage pyrotechnical shows. The Supervisory Authority (Autoridad Fiscalizadora) shall only authorise pyrotechnical shows if a report is available with regard to the installation, development and security measures for the show, which must be signed and approved by a fireworks programmer registered in the national registries of the General Directorate for National Mobilisation (Dirección General de Movilización Nacional) or by a professional certified by the said General Directorate.

For the production and execution of pyrotechnical shows, the presence of at least a fireworks expert handler registered with the General Directorate shall be required.

Sector:

Specialised Services

Sub-Sector:

Customs agents (agentes de aduana) and brokers (despachadores de aduana)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

D.F.L. 30 of the Ministry of Finance, Official Gazette, April 13, 1983, Book IV (D.F.L. 30 del Ministerio de Hacienda, Diario Oficial, abril 13, 1983, Libro IV)

D.F.L. 2 of the Ministry of Finance, 1998 (D.F.L. 2 del Ministerio de Hacienda, 1998)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only Chilean natural persons with residency in Chile may act as customs brokers (Despachadores de Aduana) or agents (Agentes de Aduana).

Sector:

Investigation and Security Services

Sub-Sector:

Guard services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Decree 1.773 of the Ministry of Interior, Official Gazette, November 14, 1994 (Decreto 1.773 del Ministerio del Interior, Diario Oficial, noviembre 14, 1994)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only Chilean nationals may provide services as private security guards.

Sector:

Business Services

Sub-Sector:

Research services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Supreme Decree 711 of the Ministry of National Defence, Official Gazette, October 15, 1975 (Decreto Supremo 711 del Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Diario Oficial, octubre 15, 1975)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Foreign natural and juridical persons intending to conduct research in the Chilean 200-mile maritime zone shall be required to submit a request six months in advance to the Chilean Army Hydrographic Institute (Instituto Hidrográfico de la Armada de Chile) and shall comply with the requirements established in the corresponding regulation. Chilean natural and juridical persons shall be required to submit a request three months in advance to the Chilean Army Hydrographic Institute (Instituto Hidrográfico de la Armada de Chile) and shall comply with the requirements established in the corresponding regulation.

Sector:

Business Services

Sub-Sector:

Research services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

D.F.L. 11 of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Development and Reconstruction, Official Gazette, December 5, 1968 (D.F.L. 11 del Ministerio de Economía, Fomento y Reconstrucción, Diario Oficial, diciembre 5, 1968)

Decree 559 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Official Gazette, January 24, 1968 (Decreto 559 del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Diario Oficial, enero 24, 1968)

D.F.L. 83 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Official Gazette, March 27, 1979 (D.F.L. 83 del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Diario Oficial, marzo 27, 1979)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Natural persons representing foreign juridical persons, or natural persons residing abroad, intending to perform explorations for work of a scientific or technical nature, or mountain climbing, in areas that are adjacent to Chilean borders shall apply for the appropriate authorisation through a Chilean consul in the country of domicile of the natural person. The Chilean consul shall then send such application directly to the National Directorate of Borders and Frontiers of the State (Dirección Nacional de Fronteras y Límites del Estado). The Directorate may order that one or more Chilean natural persons working in the appropriate related activities shall join the explorations in order to become acquainted with the studies to be undertaken.

The Operations Department of the National Directorate of Borders and Frontiers of the State (Departamento de Operaciones de la Dirección Nacional de Fronteras y Límites del Estado) shall decide and announce whether it authorises or rejects geographic or scientific explorations to be carried out by foreign juridical or natural persons in Chile. The National Directorate of Borders and Frontiers of the State (Dirección Nacional de Fronteras y Límites del Estado) shall authorise and will supervise all explorations involving work of a scientific or technical nature, or mountain climbing, that foreign juridical persons or natural persons residing abroad intend to carry out in areas adjacent to Chilean borders.

Sector:

Business Services

Sub-Sector:

Research in social sciences

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Law 17.288, Official Gazette, February 4, 1970, Title V (Ley 17.288, Diario Oficial, febrero 4, 1970, Título V)

Supreme Decree 484 of the Ministry of Education, Official Gazette, April 2, 1991 (Decreto Supremo 484 del Ministerio de Educación, Diario Oficial, abril 2, 1991)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Foreign juridical or foreign natural persons intending to perform excavations, surveys, probing or collect anthropological, archaeological or paleontological material must apply for a permit from the National Monuments Council (Consejo de Monumentos Nacionales). In order to obtain the permit, the person in charge of the research must be engaged by a reliable foreign scientific institution and must be working in collaboration with a Chilean governmental scientific institution or a Chilean university.

The aforementioned permit can be granted to (1) Chilean researchers having the pertinent scientific background in archaeology, anthropology or palaeontology, duly certified as appropriate, and also having a research project and due institutional sponsorship; and (2) foreign researchers, provided that they are engaged by a reliable scientific institution and that they work in collaboration with a Chilean governmental scientific institution or a Chilean university. Museum directors or curators recognised by the National Monuments Council (Consejo de Monumentos Nacionales), professional archaeologists, anthropologists or palaeontologists, as appropriate, and the members of the Chilean Society of Archeology (Sociedad Chilena de Arqueología) shall be authorised to perform salvage-related works. Salvage-related works involve the urgent recovery of data or archaeological, anthropological or paleontological artefacts or species threatened by imminent loss.

Sector:

Business Services

Sub-Sector:

Printing, publishing and other related industries

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Law 19.733, Official Gazette, June 4, 2001, Law on Liberties of Opinion and Information and the Exercise of Journalism, Titles I and III (Ley 19.733, Diario Oficial, junio 4, 2001, Ley sobre las Libertades de Opinión e Información y Ejercicio del Periodismo, Títulos I y III)

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

The owner of a social communication medium such as newspapers, magazines or regularly published texts whose publishing address is located in Chile, or a national news agency, shall, in the case of a natural person, have a duly established domicile in Chile and, in the case of a juridical person, shall be constituted with domicile in Chile or have an agency authorised to operate within the national territory.

Only Chilean nationals may be president, administrators or legal representatives of the juridical person.

The director legally responsible and the person who replaces him or her must be Chilean with domicile and residence in Chile. Chilean nationality will not be required in case a social communication medium uses a language different from Spanish.

Sector:

Professional Services

Sub-Sector:

Accounting, auditing, book-keeping and taxation services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Law 18.046, Official Gazette, October 22, 1981, Corporations Law, Title V (Ley 18.046, Diario Oficial, octubre 22, 1981, Ley de Sociedades Anónimas, Título V)

Supreme Decree 702 of the Ministry of Finance, Official Gazette, July 6, 2012, Corporations Act (Decreto Supremo 702 del Ministerio de Hacienda, Diario Oficial, julio 6, 2012, Reglamento de Sociedades Anónimas)

Decree Law 1.097, Official Gazette, July 25, 1975, Titles I, II, III and IV (Decreto Ley 1.097, Diario Oficial, julio 25, 1975, Títulos I, II, III y IV)

Decree Law 3.538, Official Gazette, December 23, 1980, Titles I, II, III and IV (Decreto Ley 3.538, Diario Oficial, diciembre 23, 1980, Títulos I, II, III y IV)

Circular 2.714, October 6, 1992; Circular 1, January 17, 1989; Chapter 19 Updated Collection, Superintendence of Banks and Financial Institutions Norms on

External Auditors (Circular 2.714, octubre 6,1992; Circular 1, enero 17, 1989; Capítulo 19 de la Recopilación Actualizada de Normas de la Superintendencia de Bancos e Instituciones Financieras sobre Auditores Externos)

Circular 327, June 29, 1983 and Circular 350, October 21, 1983, Superintendence of Securities and Insurance (Circular 327, junio 29, 1983 y Circular 350, octubre 21, 1983, de la Superintendencia de Valores y Seguros)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

External auditors of financial institutions must be registered in the Registry of External Auditors kept by the Superintendence of Banks and Financial Institutions (Superintendencia de Bancos e Instituciones Financieras) and the Superintendence of Securities and Insurance (Superintendencia de Valores y Seguros). Only Chilean juridical persons legally incorporated as partnerships (sociedades de personas) or associations (asociaciones) and whose main line of business is auditing services may be inscribed in the Registry.

Sector:

Professional Services

Sub-Sector:

Legal services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Tribunals Organic Code, Title XV, Official Gazette, July 9, 1943 (Código Orgánico de Tribunales, Título XV, Diario Oficial, julio 9, 1943)

Decree 110 of the Ministry of Justice, Official Gazette, March 20, 1979 (Decreto 110 del Ministerio de Justicia, Diario Oficial, marzo 20, 1979)

Law 18.120, Official Gazette, May 18, 1982 (Ley 18.120, Diario Oficial, mayo 18, 1982)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only Chilean and foreign nationals with residence in Chile, who have completed the totality of their legal studies in the country, shall be authorised to practice as lawyers (abogados).

Only lawyers (abogados) duly qualified to practise law shall be authorised to plead a case in Chilean courts and to file the first legal action or claim of each party.

The following documents, among others, shall be drawn up solely by lawyers (abogados): drafting of articles of incorporation and amendments thereto; mutual termination of obligations or liquidation of corporations; liquidation of community property between spouses (sociedad conyugal); distribution of property; articles of incorporation of juridical persons, associations, water canal members (asociaciones de canalistas), and cooperative associations (cooperativas); agreements governing financial transactions; corporate bond issuance agreements; and sponsoring applications for legal representation made by corporations and foundations.

None of these measures apply to foreign legal consultants who practise or advise on international law or on the law of another Party.

Sector:

Professional, Technical and Specialised Services

Sub-Sector:

Auxiliary services in the administration of justice

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Tribunals Organic Code, Titles XI and XII, Official Gazette, July 9, 1943, (Código Orgánico de Tribunales, Títulos XI y XII, Diario Oficial, julio 9, 1943)

Real State Custodian Registry Act, Titles I, II and III, Official Gazette, June 24, 1857 (Reglamento del Registro Conservador de Bienes Raíces, Títulos I, II y III, Diario Oficial, junio 24, 1857)

Law 18.118, Official Gazette, May 22, 1982, Title I (Ley 18.118, Diario Oficial, mayo 22, 1982, Título I)

Decree 197 of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Development and Reconstruction, Official Gazette, August 8, 1985 (Decreto 197 del Ministerio de Economía, Fomento y Reconstrucción, Diario Oficial, agosto 8, 1985)

Law 18.175, Official Gazette, October 28, 1982, Title III (Ley 18.175, Diario Oficial, octubre 28, 1982, Título III)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Justice ancillaries (auxiliares de la administración de justicia) must have their residence in the same city or place where the court house for which they render services is domiciled.

Public defenders (defensores públicos), public notaries (notarios públicos), and custodians (conservadores) shall be Chilean natural persons and fulfil the same requirements needed to become a judge.

Archivists (archiveros), public defenders (defensores públicos) and arbitrators at law (árbitros de derecho) must be lawyers (abogados) and, therefore, must be Chilean or foreign nationals with residence in Chile who have completed the totality of their legal studies in the country. Another Party’s lawyers may assist in arbitration when dealing with the law of another Party and international law and the private parties request it.

Only Chilean natural persons with the right to vote, and foreign natural persons with permanent residence and the right to vote, can act as process servers (receptores judiciales) and superior court attorneys (procuradores del número).

Only Chilean natural persons, foreign natural persons with permanent residence in Chile or Chilean juridical persons may be auctioneers (martilleros públicos).

Receivers in bankruptcy (síndicos de quiebra) must have a professional or technical degree granted by a university or a professional or technical institute recognised by Chile. Receivers in bankruptcy must have at least three years of experience in the commercial, economic or juridical field.

Sector:

Transportation

Sub-Sector:

Air transportation

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Law 18.916, Official Gazette, February 8, 1990, Code of Aeronautics, Preliminary Title and Titles II and III (Ley 18.916, Diario Oficial, febrero 8, 1990, Código Aeronáutico, Título Preliminar y Títulos II y III)

Decree Law 2.564, Official Gazette, June 22, 1979, Commercial Aviation Norms (Decreto Ley 2.564, Diario Oficial, junio 22, 1979, Normas sobre Aviación Comercial)

Supreme Decree 624 of the Ministry of National Defence, Official Gazette, January 5, 1995 (Decreto Supremo 624 del Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Diario Oficial, enero 5, 1995)

Law 16.752, Official Gazette, February 17, 1968, Title II (Ley 16.752, Diario Oficial, febrero 17, 1968, Título II)

Decree 34 of the Ministry of National Defence, Official Gazette, February 10, 1968 (Decreto 34 del Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Diario Oficial, febrero 10, 1968)

Supreme Decree 102 of the Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications, Official Gazette, June 17, 1981 (Decreto Supremo 102 del Ministerio de Transportes y Telecomunicaciones, Diario Oficial, junio 17, 1981)

Supreme Decree 172 of the Ministry of National Defence, Official Gazette, March 5, 1974 (Decreto Supremo 172 del Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Diario Oficial, marzo 5, 1974)

Supreme Decree 37 of the Ministry of National Defence, Official Gazette, December 10, 1991 (Decreto Supremo 37 del Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Diario Oficial, diciembre 10, 1991)

Decree 222 of the Ministry of National Defence, Official Gazette, October 05, 2005 (Decreto 222 del Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Diario Oficial, octubre 5, 2005)

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only a Chilean natural or juridical person may register an aircraft in Chile. Such juridical person must be constituted in Chile with principal domicile and real and effective seat in Chile. In addition, a majority of its ownership must be held by Chilean natural or juridical persons, which in turn must comply with the aforementioned requisites. The aviation authority may allow the registration of aircrafts owned by foreign natural or juridical persons, provided they are employed in Chile or exercise a permanent professional activity or industry in Chile.

The president, manager, majority of directors and administrators of the juridical person must be Chilean natural persons.

A foreign registered private aircraft engaged in non-commercial activities may not remain in Chile more than 30 days from its date of entry into Chile, unless authorised by the General Directorate for Civil Aeronautics (Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil). For greater certainty, this measure shall not apply to specialty air services as defined in Article 9.1 (Definitions), except for glider towing and parachute jumping.

Foreign aviation personnel that do not hold a licence granted by Chilean civil aviation authorities, shall be allowed to work in that capacity in Chile, provided that Chilean civil aviation authorities validate the licence or authorisation granted by a foreign country. In the absence of an international agreement regulating such validation, the licence or authorisation shall be granted under conditions of reciprocity. In that case, proof shall be submitted showing that the licences or authorisations were issued or validated by the pertinent authorities in the country where the aircraft is registered, that the documents are in force, and that the requirements for issuing or validating such licences and authorisations meet or exceed the standards required in Chile for analogous cases.

Air services may be supplied by Chilean or foreign companies subject to the condition that foreigners grant similar rights to Chilean aviation companies when so requested. The Civil Aviation Board (Junta de Aeronáutica Civil), by means of a substantiated resolution (resolución fundada), may terminate, suspend or limit any class of commercial aviation services carried out solely in Chilean territory by foreign companies or aircraft, if in their country of origin the right to equal treatment for Chilean companies and aircraft is denied.

Sector:

Transportation

Sub-Sector:

Water transport services and shipping

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Decree Law 3.059, Official Gazette, December 22, 1979, Merchant Fleet Promotion Law, Titles I and II (Decreto Ley 3.059, Diario Oficial, 22 de diciembre de 1979, Ley de Fomento a la Marina Mercante, Títulos I y II)

Supreme Decree 237, Official Gazette, July 25, 2001, Act of Decree Law 3.059, Titles I and II (Decreto Supremo 237, Diario Oficial, julio 25, 2001, Reglamento del Decreto Ley 3.059, Títulos I y II)

Code of Commerce, Book III, Titles I, IV and V (Código de Comercio, Libro III, Títulos I, IV y V)

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Cabotage shall be reserved for Chilean vessels. Cabotage shall include the ocean, river or lake shipping of passengers and cargo between different points of the national territory and between such points and naval artefacts installed in territorial waters or in the exclusive economic zone.

Foreign merchant vessels may be able to participate in cabotage when cargo volumes exceed 900 tons, following a public tender called by the user with due anticipation. When the cargo volumes involved are equal to or less than 900 tons, and no vessels flying the Chilean flag are available, the Maritime Authority may authorise embarking such cargo on foreign merchant vessels.

International maritime transport of cargo to or from Chile is subject to the principle of reciprocity.

In the event that Chile should adopt, for reasons of reciprocity, a cargo reservation measure applicable to international cargo transportation between Chile and a non-Party, the reserved cargo shall be transported in Chilean-flag vessels or in vessels considered as such.

Sector:

Transportation

Sub-Sector:

Water transport services and shipping

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Decree Law 2.222, Official Gazette, May 31, 1978, Navigation Law, Titles I, II, III, IV and V (Decreto Ley 2.222, Diario Oficial, mayo 31, 1978, Ley de Navegación, Títulos I, II, III, IV y V)

Code of Commerce, Book III, Titles I, IV and V (Código de Comercio, Libro III, Títulos I, IV y V)

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only a Chilean natural or juridical person may register a vessel in Chile. Such juridical person must be constituted with principal domicile and real and effective seat in Chile. In addition, more than 50 per cent of its capital must be held by Chilean natural or juridical persons. For these purposes, a juridical person with ownership participation in another juridical person that owns a vessel has to comply with all the aforementioned requisites. The president, manager and majority of the directors or administrators must be Chilean natural persons.

A joint ownership (comunidad) may register a vessel if (1) the majority of the joint ownership is Chilean with domicile and residency in Chile; (2) the administrators are Chileans; and (3) the majority of the rights of the joint ownership belong to a Chilean natural or juridical person. For these purposes, a juridical person with ownership participation in a joint ownership (comunidad) that owns a vessel has to comply with all the aforementioned requisites to be considered Chilean.

Special vessels owned by foreign natural or juridical persons may be registered in Chile, if those persons meet the following conditions: (1) domicile in Chile; (2) principal head office in Chile; or (3) undertaking a profession or commercial activity in a permanent way in Chile.

“Special vessels” are those used in services, operations or for specific purposes, with special features for the functions they perform, such as tugboats, dredgers, scientific or recreational vessels, among others. For the purposes of this paragraph, a special vessel does not include a fishing vessel.

The maritime authority may provide better treatment based on the principle of reciprocity.

Sector:

Transportation

Sub-Sector:

Water transport services and shipping

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 10.4)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Decree Law 2.222, Official Gazette, May 31, 1978, Navigation Law, Titles I, II, III, IV and V (Decreto Ley 2.222, Diario Oficial, 31 mayo de 1978, Ley de Navegación, Títulos I, II, III, IV y V)

Supreme Decree 153, Official Gazette, March 11, 1966, Approves the Sea People, Fluvial and Lacustrine Personnel Registration General Act (Decreto Supremo 153, Diario Oficial, 11 marzo de 1966, Aprueba el Reglamento General de Matrícula del Personal de Gente de Mar, Fluvial y Lacustre)

Code of Commerce, Book III, Titles I, IV and V (Código de Comercio, Libro III, Títulos I, IV y V)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Foreign vessels shall be required to use pilotage, anchoring and harbour pilotage services when the maritime authorities so require. In tugging activities or other manoeuvres performed in Chilean ports, only tugboats flying the Chilean flag shall be used.

Captains shall be required to be Chilean nationals and to be acknowledged as such by the pertinent authorities. Officers on Chilean vessels must be Chilean natural persons registered in the Officers’ Registry (Registro de oficiales). Crewmembers of a Chilean vessel must be Chilean, have the permit granted by the Maritime Authority (Autoridad Marítima) and be registered in the respective Registry. Professional titles and licences granted by a foreign country may be considered valid for the discharge of officers’ duties on Chilean vessels pursuant to a substantiated resolution (resolución fundada) issued by the Director of the Maritime Authority.

Ship captains (patrón de nave) shall be Chilean nationals. A ship captain is a natural person who, pursuant to the corresponding title awarded by the Director of the Maritime Authority, is empowered to exercise command on smaller vessels and on certain special larger vessels.

Fishing boat captains (patrones de pesca), machinists (mecánicos-motoristas), machine operators (motoristas), sea-faring fishermen (marineros pescadores), small-scale fishermen (pescadores), industrial or maritime trade technical employees or workers, and industrial and general ship service crews on fishing factories or fishing boats shall be required to be Chilean nationals. Foreigners with domicile in Chile shall also be authorised to perform those activities when so requested by ship operators (armadores) for being indispensable to initiate those activities.

In order to fly the Chilean flag, the ship captain (patrón de nave), officers and crew must be Chilean nationals. Nevertheless, if indispensable, the General Directorate for the Maritime Territory and Merchant Fleet (Dirección General del Territorio Marítimo y de Marina Mercante), on the basis of a substantiated resolution (resolución fundada) and on a temporary basis, may authorise the hiring of foreign personnel, with the exception of the captain, who must always be a Chilean national.

Only Chilean natural or juridical persons shall be authorised to act in Chile as multimodal operators.

Sector:

Transportation

Sub-Sector:

Water transport services and shipping

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Code of Commerce, Book III, Titles I, IV and V (Código de Comercio, Libro III, Títulos I, IV y V)

Decree Law 2.222, Official Gazette, May 31, 1978, Navigation Law, Titles I, II and IV (Decreto Ley 2.222, Diario Oficial, mayo 31, 1978, Ley de Navegación, Títulos I, II y IV)

Decree 90 of the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Official Gazette, January 21, 2000 (Decreto 90 del Ministerio de Trabajo y Previsión Social, Diario Oficial, enero 21, 2000)

Decree 49 of the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, July 16, 1999 (Decreto 49 del Ministerio de Trabajo y Previsión Social, Diario Oficial, julio 16, 1999)

Labour Code, Book I, Title II, Chapter III, paragraph 2 (Código del Trabajo, Libro I, Título II, Capítulo III, párrafo 2)

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Shipping agents or representatives of ship operators, owners or captains, whether they are natural or juridical persons, shall be required to be Chilean.

Work of stowage and dockage performed by natural persons is reserved to Chileans who are duly accredited by the corresponding authority to carry out such work and have an office established in Chile.

Whenever these activities are carried out by juridical persons, they must be legally constituted in Chile and have their principal domicile in Chile. The chairman, administrators, managers or directors must be Chilean. At least 50 per cent of the corporate capital must be held by Chilean natural or juridical persons. Such enterprises shall designate one or more empowered agents, who will act in their representation and who shall be Chilean nationals.

Anyone unloading, transshipping and, generally, using continental or insular Chilean ports, particularly for landing fish catches or processing fish catches on board, shall also be required to be a Chilean natural or juridical person.

Sector:

Transportation

Sub-Sector:

Land transportation

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 10.4)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Supreme Decree 212 of the Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications, Official Gazette, November 21, 1992 (Decreto Supremo 212 del Ministerio de Transportes y Telecomunicaciones, Diario Oficial, noviembre 21, 1992)

Decree 163 of the Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications, Official Gazette, January 4, 1985 (Decreto 163 del Ministerio de Transportes y Telecomunicaciones, Diario Oficial, enero 4, 1985)

Supreme Decree 257 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Official Gazette, October 17, 1991 (Decreto Supremo 257 del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Diario Oficial, octubre 17, 1991)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Land transportation service suppliers shall register in the National Registry by submitting an application to the Regional Secretary of Transport and Telecommunications (Secretaría Regional Ministerial del Ministerio de Transportes y Telecomunicaciones). In the case of urban services, applicants shall submit the application to the Regional Secretary responsible for the area in which the service is to be supplied and, in the case of rural and interurban services, in the region where the applicant is domiciled. The application shall provide the detailed information required by law, attaching thereto, among other documents, a properly certified photocopy of the National Identity Card and, in the case of juridical persons, the public instruments accrediting its constitution and name and the domicile of its legal representative and documents evidencing such capacity.

Foreign natural and juridical persons qualified to supply international transportation services in Chilean territory cannot supply local transportation services or participate in any manner whatsoever in the said activities in the national territory.

Only companies with actual and effective domicile in Chile and organised under the laws of Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Uruguay or Paraguay shall be authorised to supply international land transportation services between Chile and Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Uruguay or Paraguay.

Furthermore, to obtain an international land transport permit, in the case of foreign juridical persons, more than 50 per cent of its corporate capital and effective control shall be held by nationals of Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Peru, Uruguay or Paraguay.

Sector:

Transportation

Sub-Sector:

Land transportation

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 10.4)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Law 18.290, Official Gazette, February 7, 1984, Title IV (Ley 18.290, Diario Oficial, febrero 7, 1984, Título IV)

Supreme Decree 485 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Official Gazette, September 7, 1960, Geneva Convention (Decreto Supremo 485 del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, Diario Oficial, septiembre 7, 1960, Convención de Ginebra)

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Motor vehicles bearing foreign licence plates that enter Chile on a temporary basis, pursuant to provisions set forth in the 1949 Geneva Convention on Road Traffic, shall circulate freely throughout the national territory for the period established therein, provided that they comply with the requirements established by Chilean law.

Holders of valid international driving licences or certificates issued in a foreign country in accordance with the Geneva Convention may drive anywhere within the national territory. The driver of a vehicle bearing foreign licence plates who holds an international driver’s licence shall present, upon request by the authorities, the documents certifying both the roadworthiness of the vehicle and the use and validity of his or her personal documents.

Date Modified: