Consolidated TPP Text – Annex I – Schedule of Malaysia

Introductory Notes

1. Description sets out the non-conforming measures for which the entry is made.

2. In accordance with Article 9.12.1 (Non-Conforming Measures) and Article 10.7.1 (Non-Conforming Measures), the articles of this Agreement specified in the Obligations Concerned element of an entry do not apply to the non-conforming measures identified in the Description element of that entry.

Sector:

All

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Registration of Business Act 1956 [Act 197]

Limited Liability Partnership Act 2012 [Act 743]

Co-operative Societies Act 1993 [Act 502]

Description:

Investment

Only Malaysian nationals or permanent residents can register a sole proprietorship or partnership in Malaysia.  Foreigners can register a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) in Malaysia, but the compliance officer shall be a citizen or permanent resident of Malaysia that resides in Malaysia.

Foreigners are not allowed to establish or join cooperative societies in Malaysia.

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Industrial Co-ordination Act 1975 [Act 156]

Administrative Guidelines

Description:

Investment

1.  Foreign equity is limited up to 49 per cent for investment in the manufacture or assembly of motor vehicles. However, no foreign equity restrictions are imposed on the following categories:

2.  Foreign equity is limited up to 30 per cent for the manufacture of batik fabric and apparel of batik.

Sector:

Manufacturing

Obligations Concerned:

Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)

Level of Government:

Central and Regional

Measures:

Industrial Co-ordination Act 1975 [Act 156]

Customs Act 1967 [Act 235]

Free Zone Act 1990 [Act 438]

Petroleum Development Act 1974 [Act 144]

Pineapple Industry (Cannery Control) Regulations 1959

Pineapple Industrial Act 1957 (Revised 1990) [Act 427]

Administrative Guidelines

Description:

Investment

1. Companies located within the Licensed Manufacturing Warehouse (LMW) and Free Industrial Zone (FIZ) are subject to export conditions.

2.  Companies engaging in petroleum refining activity are required to export 100 per cent of their products.

3.  Expansion of existing projects in the manufacture of optical disc is subject to export conditions of 100 per cent export.

4.  Expansion projects will be considered only for existing independent palm oil refineries which source 100 per cent from their own plantation.  For Sabah and Sarawak, a manufacturing licence will only be considered for new integrated projects which source 50 per cent of crude palm oil from their own plantations.  Integrated projects refer to projects with own plantation.

5.  For pineapple canning, approval will only be granted for projects which source 100 per cent supply from their own plantation.

Sector:

Marine Capture Fisheries

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central and Regional

Measures:

Fisheries Act 1985 [Act 317]

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

No foreign fishing vessel shall load or unload any fish, fuel or supplies or tranship any fish, or fish or attempt to fish, or conduct any techno-economic research or waters survey of any fishery, in Malaysian fisheries waters unless authorised to do so. 

An application for a licence or a permit to be issued in respect of a foreign fishing vessel to fish in Malaysian fisheries waters shall be made through a Malaysian agent who shall undertake legal and financial responsibility for the activities to be carried out by such vessel.

Fishing vessel means any boat, craft, ship or other vessel which is used for, equipped to be used for, or of a type used for:

Sector:

Patent Agent Services

Trademark Agent Services

Obligations Concerned:

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Patent Act 1983 [Act 291]

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only natural persons registered with the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia (MyIPO) and residing in Malaysia are allowed to carry out a business, practice or act as a patent and trademark agent in Malaysia.

Sector:

Professional Services

Sub-Sector:

Engineering services

Quantity surveying services

Land surveying services

Architectural services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central and Regional

Measures:

Registration of Engineers Act 1967 (amended 2007) [Act 138]

Registration of Engineers Regulations 1990 (amended 2003)

Architect Act 1967 [Act 117]

Architect Rules 1996 (Amendment 2011)

Quantity Surveyors Act 1967 [Act 487]

Quantity Surveyors (Amendment) Rules 2004

Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan Malaysia Act 1994 [Act 520]

Administrative Guidelines

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Any qualified natural persons, who are resident in Malaysia and registered with the relevant professional boards are allowed to supply engineering, quantity surveying, land surveying and architectural services.

Foreigners will be subject to temporary registration.

Engineering services and architectural services must be authenticated by a registered professional in Malaysia.

The shareholding of an engineering, architectural and quantity surveying services establishment shall be no less than 70 per cent held by any one of the registered professionals.  For each of these establishments, the majority of directors shall be registered professionals.  This shall also apply to multi-disciplinary practices (MDP) comprising of professional architects, professional engineers with a practicing certificate, and registered land or quantity surveyors with a practicing certificate.

Sector:

Legal Services (other than arbitration)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central and Regional

Measures:

Legal Profession Act 1976 [Act 166]

Legal Profession (Licensing of International Partnerships and Qualified Foreign Law Firms and Registration of Foreign Lawyers) Rules 2014

Offshore Companies Act 1990 [Act 441]

Labuan Trust Companies Act 1990 [Act 442]

Advocates Ordinance of Sabah 1953 [Sabah Cap. 2]

Advocates Ordinance of Sarawak 1953 [Sarawak Cap. 110]

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Peninsular Malaysia and the Federal Territory of Labuan

Foreign law firms and foreign lawyers are not permitted to practice Malaysian law save as provided for under section 40(O) of the Legal Profession Act 1976 [Act 166] and the Legal Profession (Licensing of International Partnerships and Qualified Foreign Law Firms and Registration of Foreign Lawyers) Rules 2014.

Foreign law firms from recognised jurisdictions must apply to a Selection Committee to be established as a Qualified Foreign Law Firm (QFLF) or an International Partnership (IP) with a Malaysian law firm.  A maximum of five QFLF licences may be issued in the initial period and only to foreign law firms with proven expertise in International Islamic Finance. 

Only foreign lawyers from recognised jurisdictions can apply to work in a QFLF, an IP or a Malaysian law firm.  Such a foreign lawyer must be resident in Malaysia for not less than 182 days in any calendar year.

A QFLF and an IP, and a registered foreign lawyer working in a Malaysian law firm are subject to the provisions of the Legal Profession Act 1976 [Act 166].    

Foreign lawyers providing legal services in Malaysia on a “fly-in and fly-out” basis shall be subject to the provisions under section 37(2B)(b) of the Legal Profession Act 1976 [Act 166].

Sabah and Sarawak

Foreign law firms and foreign lawyers are not permitted to practice in Sabah or Sarawak.

Sector:

Real Estate Services on a fee or contract basis

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Level of Government:

Central and Regional

Measures:

Section 18 of Valuers, Appraisers & Estate Agents Act 1981 [Act 242]

Valuers, Appraisers & Estate Agents Rules 1986

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

A natural person who is not a citizen or permanent resident of Malaysia shall not qualify for registration as a valuer.

Sector:

Communications Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Communications and Multimedia Act of 1998 [Act 588]

Communications and Multimedia (Licensing) Regulations 2000

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Licences for the supply of telecommunications services in Malaysia are divided into individual licences and class licences, depending on the character of the service.

The following persons or classes of persons shall be ineligible to apply for an individual licence:

The following persons or classes of persons shall be ineligible to be registered as a class licensee:

Foreigners are not permitted to apply for a licence for Content Applications Service Providers (CASP), a special subset of applications service providers that refers to satellite broadcasting, subscription broadcasting, terrestrial free to air TV or terrestrial radio broadcasting.

The Minister of Communication and Multimedia may, for good cause or as the public interest may require, permit either of the above to apply to be registered as any one of the licensee mentioned above.

Sector:

Education Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Education Act 1996 [Act 550]

Private Higher Education Institutions Act 1996 [Act 555]

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Education services provided in Malaysia can only be provided by education services suppliers that are registered and established in Malaysia.

Foreigners are not allowed to supply the following education services:

Sector:

Private Healthcare Facilities and Services

Allied Health Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Medical Regulations 1974

Private Healthcare Facilities and Services Act 1998 [Act 586]Private Healthcare Facilities and Services Regulations 2006

Registration of Pharmacists Act 1951 [Act 371]

Administrative Guidelines

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Private healthcare facilities and services can only be supplied by service suppliers that are registered and established in Malaysia and with authorisation.

Foreigners are not allowed to establish blood banks, maternity homes, psychiatric hospitals, pathology laboratories or to practice as general dental practitioners, general medical practitioners, and general nurses including midwifery.

Specialised Dental Services

Foreigners are not allowed to provide specialised dental services or operate a specialised medical facility except in oral and maxillo-facial reconstructive surgery.

Pharmacists

Foreign pharmacists are not allowed to prepare, dispense, assemble or sell medicinal products.

Allied health services

Foreigners are not allowed to supply allied health services which cover services such as clinical scientist, microbiologist, clinical biochemist, medical geneticist, biomedical scientist, embryologist, medical physicist, entomologist, forensic scientist, nutritionist, speech language pathologist/speech language therapist, audiologist, physiotherapist, counsellors, diagnostic radiographer, radiotherapist, food technologist, dietician, medical social officer, optometrist, health education officer, environmental health officer, medical laboratory technologist, health care food service assistant officer, assistant medical officer and assistant food technologist.

Sector:

Customs Agents and Brokers

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Customs Act 1967 [Act 235]

Customs Regulations 1977

Customs Standing Orders No.45/2003

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Foreigners are not allowed to act as customs agents and brokers.

Sector:

Tourist Guide Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 10.3)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Tourism Industry Act 1992 [Act 482]

Description:

Cross-Border Trade in Services

Foreigners are not allowed to provide tourist guide services.

Sector:

Utilities

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central and Regional

Measures:

Electricity Supply Act 1990 [Act 447]

Electricity (Amendment) Ordinance 2003 (Cap A109)

Electricity Rules 1999

Electricity (State Grid Code) Rules 2003

SESCO Ordinance 1962 (Cap 51)

Sarawak Electricity Supply (successor Company) Ordinance 2004 (Cap 59)

Energy Commission Act 2001 [Act 610]

Electricity Regulations 1994

Licensee Supply Regulations 1990

Gas Supply Act 1993

Gas Supply Regulation 1997

Energy Commission Act 2001 [Act 610]

Sarawak Gas Supply Services (Operating Company) Ordinance 1995

Waters Act 1920 [Act 418]

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

No person, other than a supply authority, is authorised to supply, use, work or operate any installation relating to gas, water and electricity.

Only persons that are registered and established in Malaysia can supply services for gas, water and electricity, and disposal of waste.

Sector:

Transport Services

Sub-Sector:

International maritime transport services (including maritime cabotage and government cargo)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6) 

Level of Government:

Central and Regional

Measures:

Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1952 [Ordinance 70/1952]

Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1960 (Sabah) [Ordinance 11/1960]

Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1960 (Sarawak) [Ordinance 2/1960]

Merchant Shipping (Amendment and Extension) Act 2007 [Act A1316]

Administrative Guidelines

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Foreign shipping vessels are not permitted to provide and supply domestic shipping services, maritime cabotage services and government cargo.

Malaysia International Ship Registry

Foreign persons may only provide international maritime services that are not plying in domestic waters only through a representative office, regional office or locally incorporated joint venture corporation with Malaysian individuals or Malaysian controlled corporations or both. Aggregate foreign shareholding in the joint venture corporation shall maintain not less than 51 per cent.

All joint venture or corporation seeking to register ships under this registry shall appoint a ship manager prior to registration of a ship, who shall be:

Traditional Registry

Only ships registered on the Traditional Registry may provide domestic maritime services.

Foreign persons may only register a ship on the Traditional Registry through a representative office, regional office or locally incorporated joint venture corporation with Malaysian individuals or Malaysian controlled corporations or both.  Aggregate foreign shareholding in the joint venture corporation shall not exceed 51 per cent.

All joint ventures or corporations seeking to register ships under this registry shall satisfy the following conditions:

Sector:

Distribution Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Guidelines on Foreign Participation in the Distributive Trade Services in Malaysia (Amendment 2010)

Franchise Act 1998 [Act 590]

Companies Act 1965 [Act 125]

Guideline on Convenience Stores with Foreign Interest

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Service

Foreigners are not allowed to operate supermarkets, mini markets, permanent wet markets, permanent pavement markets, fuel stations with or without kiosk, news agent, medical hall, Malaysian cuisine restaurants, bistro, jewellery stores and textile stores.

All hypermarkets, superstores, departmental stores, specialty stores, franchise businesses, and convenience stores (as defined in the relevant Guidelines) with foreign equity must be incorporated locally under the Companies Act 1965 [Act 125].

All foreign involvement in distributive trade shall obtain the approval of the Ministry of Domestic Trade, Co-operatives and Consumerism (MDTCC) on:

All distributive trade companies with foreign equity shall:

The minimum capital investment is RM50 million for hypermarkets, RM25 million for superstores, RM20 million for department stores, and RM1 million for specialty stores and convenience stores, subject to review every three years.

No less than 30 per cent of the equity in hypermarkets, superstores and convenience stores is to be held by Bumiputera.

Hypermarkets, superstores, convenience stores and departmental stores shall seek to allocate 30 per cent of the Stock Keeping Units displayed on the shelf space for Bumiputera SME goods and products in each outlet within three years.

One hypermarket will be allowed for every 250,000 residents and one superstore for every 200,000 residents.

All hypermarkets, superstores and departmental stores shall begin operation within two years from the date of approval from MDTCC.

A specialty store may be allowed to operate if it fulfils the following objectives:

Foreigners are not allowed to apply for a franchise broker or consultant licence.

The sale of a franchise is deemed to be in Malaysia where an offer to sell or buy a franchise:

There are three types of franchises as follows:

Type of Franchises:

Franchisor

Definition:

A person who grants a franchise to a franchisee and includes a master franchisee and his relationship with a sub-franchisee.

Type of Franchises:

Master Franchisee

Definition:

A person who has been granted the rights by a franchisor to sub-franchise to another person, at his own expense, the franchise of the franchisor.

Type of Franchises:

Franchisee of Foreign Franchisor

Definition:

A person who has been granted the rights by a foreign franchisor but does not sub-franchise to another person.

For convenience stores, only a foreign company that is not associated with the franchisor (according to Franchise Act 1998 [Act 590]) may invest or own not more than 30 per cent equity interest.

For greater certainty, “only a foreign company that is not associated with the franchisor” means only a foreign company that is not the franchisor according to Franchise Act 1998 [Act 590].

Sector:

Construction and Related Engineering Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11) 

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Registration of Engineers Act 1967 (amended 2007) [Act 138]

Registration of Engineers Regulations 1990 (amended 2003)

Architect Act 1967 [Act 117]

Quantity Surveyors Act 1967 [Act 487]

Quantity Surveyors (Amendment) Rules 2004

Lembaga Pembangunan Industri Pembinaan Malaysia Act 1994 [Act 520]

Administrative Guidelines

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only an entity incorporated in Malaysia registered with the Malaysian Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) and locally incorporated either through a representative office, regional office or joint venture corporation, with Malaysian individuals or Malaysian controlled corporations may be permitted to provide construction and related services.

Any entity incorporated in Malaysia, whose foreign equity exceeds more than 30 per cent by way of a joint venture corporation or consortium with Malaysian individuals or Malaysian controlled corporations, is subject to the registration requirements by CIDB.

The senior management and board of directors of each foreign entity shall be of Malaysian majority that shall have control over its management and investment.

Sector:

Freight Road Transportation Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Land Public Transport Act 2010 [Act 715]

Panduan Dasar Pelesenan Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat (SPAD)

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Only entities that are registered and established in Malaysia are allowed to provide freight road transportation services in Malaysia.

Foreigners are not allowed to own more than 49 per cent of equity shareholding in any entity supplying freight transportation services covering transportation of containerised freight based on a fee or contractual basis.

Sector:

Wholesale and Distribution Services

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Price Control Act 1946 [Act 121]

Control of Supplies Act 1961 [Act 122]

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Foreigners are not permitted to provide wholesale and distribution services for fabrics and apparels of batik, motor vehicles including motorcycles and scooters, passenger cars and commercial vehicles (excluding automotive components and parts of these vehicles).

Sector:

Oil and Gas

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)

Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)

Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Market Access (Article 10.5)

Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Level of Government:

Central

Measures:

Petroleum Development Act 1974 [Act 144]

Other Implementing Measures

Description:

Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

The Prime Minister of Malaysia may make non-conforming regulations for the purposes of carrying into effect the provisions of the Petroleum Development Act of 1974 [Act 144] with respect to the upstream oil and gas sectorFootnote 1, and may in particular, provide for the conduct of or the carrying on of:

Date Modified: