Consolidated TPP Text – Annex II – Schedule of Australia

Introductory Notes

1. For the avoidance of doubt, in relation to education services, nothing in Chapter 9 (Investment) or Chapter 10 (Cross-Border Trade in Services) shall interfere with:

2. For greater certainty, where Australia has more than one entry in its Schedule to Annex II that could apply to a measure, each entry is to be read independently, and is without prejudice to the application of any other entry to the measure.

Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: Market Access (Article 10.5)

Description: Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the supply of a service by the presence of natural persons, subject to the provisions of Chapter 12 (Temporary Entry for Business Persons), that is not inconsistent with Australia’s obligations under Article XVI of GATS.

Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)
Market Access (Article 10.5)
Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Description: Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure according preferences to any Indigenous person or organisation or providing for the favourable treatment of any Indigenous person or organisation in relation to acquisition, establishment or operation of any commercial or industrial undertaking in the service sector.

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to investment that accords preferences to any Indigenous person or organisation or providing for the favourable treatment of any Indigenous person or organisation.

For the purpose of this entry, an Indigenous person means a person of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

Existing Measures: Legislation and ministerial statements at all levels of government including Australia’s foreign investment policy, and the Native Title Act (Cth).

Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: Market Access (Article 10.5)

Description: Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure at the regional level of government that is not inconsistent with Australia’s obligations under Article XVI of GATS.

For the purposes of this entry, Australia’s Schedule of Specific Commitments is modified as set out in Appendix A.

For the purposes of this entry, the reference to Australia’s commitments under Article XVI of GATS includes commitments made under that Article after the date of entry into force of this Agreement.

Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)

Description: Investment

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to proposals by foreign personsFootnote 1 and foreign government investors to invest in Australian urban landFootnote 2 (including interests that arise via leases, financing and profit sharing arrangements, and the acquisition of interests in urban land corporations and trusts), other than developed non-residential commercial real estate.

Existing Measures: Australia’s foreign investment policy, which consists of the Foreign Acquisitions and Takeovers Act 1975 (FATA) (Cth), Financial Sector (Shareholdings) Act 1998 (Cth), Foreign Acquisitions and Takeovers Regulations 1989 (Cth), and Ministerial Statements.

Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Description: Investment

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure to allow the screening of proposals, by foreign personsFootnote 3, to invest 15 millionFootnote 4 Australian dollars or more in Australian agricultural land and 53 millionFootnote 5 Australian dollars or more in Australian agribusinesses.

Existing Measures: Australia’s foreign investment policy, which consists of the Foreign Acquisitions and Takeovers Act 1975 (FATA) (Cth), Financial Sector (Shareholdings) Act 1998 (Cth), Foreign Acquisitions and Takeovers Regulations 1989 (Cth), and Ministerial Statements.

Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)
Market Access (Article 10.5)

Description: Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

At the central level of government, Australia reserves the right to limit the initial transfer or disposal of government owned entities or assets, or a portion or percentage of the initial transfer, to Australian persons. For greater certainty, if Australia transfers or disposes of a government owned entity or asset in multiple phases, this right shall apply separately to each phase.

At the remaining levels of government, Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to:

For the purposes of this entry, any measure adopted after the date of entry into force of this Agreement in relation to subparagraph (a) or (b) shall be deemed an existing non-conforming measure subject to paragraphs 1, 5, 6 and 7 of Article 9.12 (Non-Conforming Measures) and paragraph 1 of Article 10.7 (Non-Conforming Measures).

Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)
Market Access (Article 10.5)
Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Description: Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measureFootnote 6 with respect to the provision of law enforcement and correctional services, and the following servicesFootnote 7 to the extent that they are social services established or maintained for a public purpose: income security or insurance, social security or insurance, social welfare, public education, public training, healthFootnote 8, child care, public utilitiesFootnote 9, public transport and public housing.

Sector: Broadcasting and Audio-visual Services
Advertising Services
Live PerformanceFootnote 10

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)
Most-Favoured-Nation TreatmentFootnote 11 (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)
Market Access (Article 10.5)
Local Presence (Article 10.6)Footnote 12

Description: Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measureFootnote 13 with respect to:

This entry does not apply to foreign investment restrictions in the broadcasting and audio-visual services sector.

Existing Measures: Broadcasting Services Act 1992 (Cth)
Radiocommunications Act 1992 (Cth)
Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (Cth)
Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 (Cth)
Screen Australia Act 2008 (Cth)
Broadcasting Services (Australian Content) Standard 2005
Children’s Television Standards 2009
Television Program Standard 23 – Australian Content in Advertising
Commercial Radio Codes of Practice and Guidelines
Community Broadcasting Codes of Practice

Sector: Broadcasting and Audio-visual Services

Obligations Concerned: Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)

Description: Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain, under the International Co-production Program, preferential co-production arrangements for film and television productions. Official co-production status, which may be granted to a co-production produced under these co-production arrangements, confers national treatment on works covered by these arrangements.

Existing Measures: International Co-production Program

Sector: Recreational, Cultural and Sporting Services (other than audio-visual services)

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)
Market Access (Article 10.5)
Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Description: Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to the creative artsFootnote 16,Footnote 17 Indigenous traditional cultural expressions and other cultural heritageFootnote 18.

Sector: Distribution Services

Obligations Concerned: Market Access (Article 10.5)

Description: Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to wholesale and retail trade services of tobacco products, alcoholic beverages or firearms.

Sector: Education Services

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)
Market Access (Article 10.5)
Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Description: Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to primary education.

Sector: Gambling and Betting

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)
Market Access (Article 10.5)
Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Description: Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to gambling and betting.

Existing Measures: Legislation and ministerial statements including the Interactive Gambling Act 2001 (Cth).

Sector: Maritime Transport

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)
Market Access (Article 10.5)
Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Description: Cross-Border Trade in Services and Investment

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to maritime cabotage services and offshore transport servicesFootnote 19.

Existing Measures: Customs Act 1901 (Cth)
Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth)
Seafarers’ Compensation and Rehabilitation Act 1992 (Cth)
Occupational Health and Safety (Maritime Industry) Act 1993 (Cth)
Income Tax Assessment Act 1936 (Cth)
Coastal Trading (Revitalising Australian Shipping) Act 2012 (Cth)
Coastal Trading (Revitalising Australian Shipping) (Consequential Amendments and Transitional Provisions) Act 2012 (Cth)
Shipping Reform (Tax Incentives) Act 2012 (Cth)

Sector: Transport Services

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)

Description: Investment

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure with respect to investment in federal leased airports.

Existing Measures: Airports Act 1996 (Cth)
Airports (Ownership-Interests in Shares) Regulations 1996 (Cth)
Airports Regulations 1997 (Cth)

Sector: Services related to Air Transportation

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 9.4 and Article 10.3)
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)
Performance Requirements (Article 9.10)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 9.11)
Market Access (Article 10.5)
Local Presence (Article 10.6)

Description: Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure relating to the provision of ground handling services as defined in Article 10.1 (Definitions) in relation to each Party that:

but only in relation to the obligations listed by that Party.

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure relating to the provision of airport operation services as defined in Article 10.1 (Definitions) in relation to each Party that:

but only in relation to the obligations listed by that Party.

Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Article 9.5 and Article 10.4)

Description: Investment and Cross-Border Trade in Services

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure that accords more favourable treatment to any service supplier or investor under any bilateral or multilateral international agreement in force or signed prior to the date of entry into force of this Agreement.

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure that accords more favourable treatment to any service supplier or investor taken as part of a process of economic integration or trade liberalisation between the Parties to the Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations Trade Agreement (ANZCERTA) done at Canberra on March 28, 1983Footnote 20.

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure that accords more favourable treatment to any service supplier or investor of a Pacific Island Forum member state under any international agreement in force or signed after the date of entry into force of this Agreement.

Australia reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure that accords more favourable treatment to any service supplier or investor under any bilateral or multilateral international agreement in force or signed after the date of entry into force of this Agreement involving:

Appendix A

For the following sectors, Australia’s commitments under Article XVI of GATS as set out in Australia’s Schedule of Specific Commitments under the GATS (GATS/SC/6, GATS/SC/6/Suppl.1, GATS/SC/6/Suppl.1/Rev.1, GATS/SC/6/Suppl.2, GATS/SC/6/Suppl.3 and GATS/SC/6/Suppl.4) are improved as described below.

Sector/subsectorMarket Access Improvement

* Unbound due to lack of technical feasibility.

** Indicates that the service specified constitutes only a part of the total range of activities covered by the CPC concordance.

Business Services 
Professional Services 
Legal servicesFootnote 21 
Legal advisory and representational services in domestic law (host-country law)Replace existing commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3. Mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Legal advisory services in foreign law and international law and (in relation to foreign and international law only) legal arbitration and conciliation/mediation services.Replace existing commitments with no limitations for modes 1 and 2, mode 3 is limited as follows:
In South Australia, natural persons practising foreign law may only join a local law firm as a consultant and may not enter into partnership with or employ local lawyers.
Mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section
Research and Development Services
Research and Development (R&D) services on natural sciences and engineering (CPC 851)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Interdisciplinary research and development (R&D) services (CPC 853)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Other Business Services
Landscape architectural services (CPC 86742)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Technical testing and analysis services (CPC 8676)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Site preparation work for mining (CPC 5115)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Services incidental to manufacturing (CPC 884 and 885, except for 88442).Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Related scientific and technical consulting services (CPC 8675)
Geological, geophysical and other scientific prospecting services (CPC 86751)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Subsurface surveying services (CPC 86752)Replace existing commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section, for the whole sector.
Map making services (CPC 86754)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Maintenance and repair of equipment (not including maritime vessels, aircraft or other transport equipment) (CPC 633 and 8861-8866).Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Packaging services (CPC 8760)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Specialty design services (CPC 87907)Replace existing commitments on Interior Design with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound as indicated in the horizontal section.
Communication Services

This covers the following sub-sectors from the Services Sectoral Classification List (W/120) and related CPC numbers 7521,7522,7523, 7529**:

  • (a) Voice telephone services
  • (b) Packet-switched data transmission services
  • (c) Circuit-switched data transmission services
  • (d) Telex services
  • (e) Telegraph services
  • (f) Facsimile services
  • (g) Private leased circuit services
  • (h) Other
  • (i) Digital cellular services
  • (j) Paging services
  • (k) Personal communications services
  • (l) Trunked radio system services
  • (m) Mobile data services

Services covered by the Broadcasting Services Act 1992 (Cth) are excluded from the basic telecommunications sector.

Replace existing commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Construction and Related Engineering Services
Other
Other general construction work for civil engineering (CPC 511, 515 and 518)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 2 and 3, mode 1 unbound*, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Distribution Services
Commission agents’ services (CPC 62111, 62112**, 62113-62118)
Includes services by commission agents, commodity brokers, auctioneers and other wholesalers who trade on behalf of others, of food products, and non-alcoholic beverages. Excludes tobacco, alcoholic beverages, and firearms.
 
Wholesale trade services (CPC 6221**, 6222**, 6223 - 6228**)
Wholesale trade services of agricultural raw materials and live animals. Excludes wholesale trade services of unmanufactured tobacco, tobacco products, alcoholic beverages and firearms.
Replace existing commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Retailing services (CPC 631**, 63211**, 63212, 6322, 6323, 6324, 6325, 6329**, 61112, 6113, 6121)
Australia’s commitments in relation to these services extend to cover the following services not listed in relevant CPC classifications: inventory management of goods, assembling, sorting and grading of goods, breaking bulk, re-distribution and delivery services for retailing. Does not cover dispensing of pharmaceuticals, retailing services of alcoholic beverages, tobacco products and firearms.
Replace existing commitments with no limitations for modes 2 and 3, mode 1 unbound except for mail order, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Environmental ServicesFootnote 22, Footnote 23
Wastewater management (CPC 9401)
This covers removal, treatment and disposal of household, commercial and industrial sewage and other waste waters including tank emptying and cleaning, monitoring, removal and treatment of solid wastes.
Replace existing commitments on “Sewage services” with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Waste management (CPC 9402, 9403)
This covers hazardous and non-hazardous waste collection, treatment and disposal (including incineration, composting and landfill); sweeping and snow removal, and other sanitation services.
Replace existing commitments on “Refuse disposal services” and “Sanitation and similar services” with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Protection of ambient air and climate (CPC 9404)
This covers services at power stations or industrial complexes to remove air pollutants; monitoring of mobile emissions and implementation of control systems or reduction programmes.
Insert new commitments with no limitations on modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Remediation and clean-up of soil and water (CPC 9406**)Footnote 24
This covers cleaning-up systems in situ or mobile, emergency response, clean-up and longer term abatement of spills and natural disasters; and rehabilitation programmes (e.g. recovery of mining sits) including monitoring.
Insert new commitments with no limitations on modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Noise and vibration abatement (CPC 9405)
This covers monitoring programmes, and installation of noise reduction systems and screens.
Insert new commitments with no limitations on modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Protection of biodiversity and landscape (CPC 9406**)Footnote 25
This covers ecology and habitat protection and promotion of forests and promoting sustainable forestry.
Insert new commitments with no limitations on modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Other environmental and ancillary services (CPC 9409)
This covers other environment protection services, including services related to environmental impact assessment.
Insert new commitments with no limitations on modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Tourism and Travel Related Services
Travel agencies and tour operators services (CPC 7471)Replace existing commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Transport Services
Air Transport services
Airport operation services, as defined in Article 10.1 (Definitions)Insert new commitments with no limitations on modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Ground handling services, as defined in Article 10.1 (Definitions)Insert new commitments with no limitations on modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Aircraft repair and maintenance services during which an aircraft is withdrawn from service, excluding so-called line maintenance (CPC 8868**)
This covers establishments mainly engaged in periodic maintenance and repair (routine and emergency) of airframes (including wings, doors, control surfaces) avionics, engines and engine components, hydraulics, pressurisation and electrical systems and landing gear. Includes painting, other fuselage surface treatments and repair of flight-deck (and other) transparencies. Further includes rotary and glider aircraft.
Replace existing commitment on “Maintenance and repair of aircraft” with no limitations on modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.

Selling and marketing of air transport services, as defined in Article 10.1 (Definitions)

This commitment confirms, without extending, the application to air transport services of the following:

  • a) Travel agencies and tour operator services (CPC 7471),
  • b) Market research and public opinion polling services (CPC 864),
  • c) Advertising services (CPC 87110, 87120**, 87190),
    Covers services by advertising agencies in creating and placing advertising in periodicals, newspapers, radio and television for clients; outdoor advertising, media representation i.e. sale of time and space for various media; distribution and delivery of advertising material or samples. Does not include production or broadcast/screening of advertisements for radio, television or cinema.
  • d) Distribution: Commission agents’ services (CPC 62113-62118); Wholesale trade services (CPC 6223-6228); Retailing services (as described in this Appendix); and Franchising (CPC 8929). Excludes unmanufactured tobacco, tobacco products, alcoholic beverages and firearms.
Insert new commitments with no limitations on mode 1 except that Retailing services (CPC 631**, 63211**, 63212, 61112, 6113, 6121, 6322, 6323, 6324, 6325, 6329**) are unbound except for mail order, no limitations on modes 2 and 3. Mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Rail Transportation services
Freight transportation (CPC 7112);
Pushing and towing services (CPC 7113); and
Supporting services for rail transport services (CPC 743).

Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1 and 2. Mode 3 is limited as follows:

  • a) Below track: Most rail-track networks in Australia are government owned although much is leased to private operators. There are no restrictions on the right to establish new networks but access to public land may not be guaranteed.
  • b) Above track (rail transport services (such as trains) that operate over the rail-track infrastructure): none except that access to rail infrastructure is allocated under pro-competitive principles for safety, efficiency and the long term interests of users.

Mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.

Road transportation services
Freight transportation (CPC 7123)
- Transportation of frozen or refrigerated goods (CPC 71231)Insert new commitments with no limitations for mode 1.
- Transportation of bulk liquids or gases (CPC 71232)Insert new commitments with no limitations for mode 1.
- Transportation of containerized freight (CPC 71233)Insert new commitments with no limitations for mode 1.
- Transportation of furniture (CPC 71234)Insert new commitments with no limitations for mode 1.
- Mail transportation (CPC 71235)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
- Freight transportation by man- or animal-drawn vehicles (CPC 71236)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
- Transportation of other freight (CPC 71239)Insert new commitments with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Rental of commercial vehicles with operator (CPC 7124)Insert new commitments with no limitations on modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Services auxiliary to all modes of transport

Storage and warehouse services (CPC 742 excluding maritime)

Australia’s commitment in relation to these services extends to cover the following services in addition to those listed in CPC 742: distribution centre services and materials handling and equipment services such as container station and depot services (excluding maritime).

Replace existing commitments with no limitations for modes 2 and 3, mode 1 is unbound*, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.

Freight transport agency services (CPC 748 excluding maritime)

Australia’s commitment in relation to these services extends to cover the following services in addition to those listed in CPC 748: customs agency services and load scheduling services (excluding maritime).

Replace existing commitments on “freight forwarding” with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.

Other supporting and auxiliary transport services (CPC 749 excluding maritime)

Australia’s commitment in relation to these services extends to cover the following services in addition to those listed under CPC 749: container leasing and rental services (excluding maritime).

Replace existing commitments on “pre-shipment inspections” with no limitations for modes 1-3, mode 4 is unbound except as indicated in the horizontal section.
Date Modified: