Consolidated TPP Text – Annex III – Schedule of Mexico

Headnotes

1. Commitments in Chapter 11 (Financial Services) are undertaken subject to the limitations and conditions set forth in these headnotes and in the Schedule below.

2. The listing of a reservation in Section A or B does not mean that it cannot otherwise be justified as a measure adopted or maintained for prudential reasons pursuant to Article 11.11.1 (Exceptions).

3. With respect to Article 11.5 (Market Access for Financial Institutions), juridical persons supplying financial services and constituted under the laws of Mexico are subject to non-discriminatory limitations on juridical form.

4. Article 11.10.1(c) (Non-Conforming Measures) shall not apply to those non-conforming measures relating to Article 11.5(b) (Market Access for Financial Institutions).

5. For greater certainty, “limitations on the participation of foreign capital in terms of maximum percentage limit on foreign shareholding or the total value of individual or aggregate foreign investment” should not be considered a limitation to Article 11.5 (Market Access for Financial Institutions).

6. Description provides a general non-binding description of the measure for which the entry is made.

7. In the interpretation of a reservation in Section A, all elements of the entry shall be considered. The Measures element shall prevail over all other elements.

8. In the interpretation of a reservation in Section B, all elements of the entry shall be considered. The Description element shall prevail over all other elements.

Annex III - Section A

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: Banking and other financial services (excluding insurance)

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 11.3)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Credit Unions Law (Ley de Uniones de Crédito), Article 21

Description: Participation by any individual or legal entity, whether direct or indirect, in the equity of a credit union shall not exceed 15 per cent, unless authorised by the National Commission on Banking and Securities (Comisión Nacional Bancaria y Valores) (CNBV).

Notwithstanding the above paragraph, any foreign individual or legal entity, as well as foreign entities without legal capacity, may hold up to 15 per cent of the equity of a credit union, indirectly, through a Mexican legal entity.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 11.3)
Market Access for Financial Institutions (Article 11.5)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Law to Regulate Financial Groups (Ley para Regular las Agrupaciones Financieras), Articles 68, 70, 72 and 74
Credit Institutions Law (Ley de Instituciones de Crédito), Articles 45-A section I, 45-B, 45-E, 45-G and 45-I
Securities Market Law (Ley del Mercado de Valores), Articles 2, section VIII, 160, 161, 163 and 165
Insurance and Bonding Companies Law (Ley de Instituciones de Seguros y Fianzas), Articles 2, section XI, 74, 75, 78 and 79
Law of Credit Organisations and Auxiliary Activities (Ley General de Organizaciones y Actividades Auxiliares del Crédito), Articles 45 Bis 1, section I, 45 Bis 2, 45 Bis 3, 45 Bis 5 and 45 Bis 7
Investment Funds Law (Ley de Fondos de Inversión), Articles 62, section I, 63, 64 and 66
Retirement Savings System Law (Ley de los Sistemas de Ahorro para el Retiro), Article 21
Rules for the Establishment of Foreign Financial Institution Subsidiary Companies (Reglas para el Establecimiento de Filiales de Instituciones Financieras del Exterior), Rules Eighth and Ninth

Description: In order to invest in the equity of a Mexican subsidiary of a financial groups holding company, a commercial bank, a securities firm, a bonding company, an insurance company, a foreign exchange firm, a general deposit warehouse, a managing company of investment funds, an investment fund stock distribution company, and a retirement funds management company, a financial institution of another Party must:

The financial institutions of another Party must own at least 51 per cent of the subsidiary’s equity.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: Market Access for Financial Institutions (Article 11.5)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Law to Regulate Financial Groups (Ley para Regular las Agrupaciones Financieras), Article 67, sections I and II
Credit Institutions Law (Ley de Instituciones de Crédito), Article 45-A, sections I and II
Securities Market Law (Ley del Mercado de Valores), Article 2, sections VIII and XIII
Insurance and Bonding Companies Law (Ley de Instituciones de Seguros y Fianzas), Article 2, sections XI and XVIII
Law of Credit Organisations and Auxiliary Activities (Ley General de Organizaciones y Actividades Auxiliares del Crédito), Article 45 Bis 1, sections I and II
Investment Funds Law (Ley de Fondos de Inversión), Article 62, sections I and II
Retirement Savings Systems Law (Ley de los Sistemas de Ahorro para el Retiro), Article 21

Description: Branches of financial institutions of another Party are not permitted in Mexican territory.Footnote 1

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 11.3)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Law to Regulate Financial Groups (Ley para Regular las Agrupaciones Financieras), Article 24
Credit Institutions Law (Ley de Instituciones de Crédito), Article 13
Securities Market Law (Ley del Mercado de Valores), Articles 117 and 237
Law to Regulate Credit Information Corporations (Ley para Regular las Sociedades de Información Crediticia), Article 8
Insurance and Bonding Companies Law (Ley de Instituciones de Seguros y Fianzas), Article 50, section I
Retirement Saving System Law (Ley de los Sistemas de Ahorro para el Retiro), Article 21
Law of Credit Organisations and Auxiliary Activities (Ley General de Organizaciones y Actividades Auxiliares de Crédito), Article 8, section III
Investment Funds Law (Ley de Fondos de Inversión), Article 37
Credit Unions Law (Ley de Uniones de Crédito), Article 21

Description: Foreign governments are not allowed to participate in the equity of Mexican financial groups holding companies, commercial banks, securities firms, stock exchange, credit information corporations, bonding companies, insurance companies, retirement funds management companies, foreign exchange firms, auxiliary credit organisations, general deposit warehouses, managing companies of investment funds, investment fund stock distribution companies, investment fund stock value assessment companies or credit unions, except:

1. When they do it as a temporary prudential measure, such as support or bailouts.

Financial entities in this scenario will submit to the corresponding financial authority the information and documents that prove they fall within this exception.

2. When said participation implies controlFootnote 2 over such financial institutions, and is carried out through official legal entities, such as funds and development governmental entities, prior discretional authorisation by the corresponding financial authority, which has to determine that such legal entities:

3. When the participation is indirect and does not involve the control of the financial institutions.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 11.9)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Credit Institutions Law (Ley de Instituciones de Crédito), Articles 23, 24, 45-K and 45-L
Securities Market Law (Ley del Mercado de Valores), Articles 124, 128, 131 and 168
Law to Regulate Financial Groups (Ley para Regular las Agrupaciones Financieras), Articles 35, 60 and 77
Popular Savings and Credit Law (Ley de Ahorro y Crédito Popular), Articles 21 and 23
Credit Unions Law (Ley de Uniones de Crédito), Article 26
Law of Credit Organisations and Auxiliary Activities (Ley General de Organizaciones y Actividades Auxiliares del Crédito), Articles 8, section X, 8 Bis 1, 8 Bis 3, 45 Bis 11, 45 Bis 12 and 45 Bis 13
Law to Regulate the Activities of Savings and Loans Cooperative Companies (Ley para Regular las Actividades de las Sociedades Cooperativas de Ahorro y Préstamo), Article 5, section I
Cooperative Companies General Law (Ley General de Sociedades Cooperativas), Article 7
Insurance and Bonding Companies Law (Ley de Instituciones de Seguros y Fianzas), Articles 56, 58, 60 and 82
Investment Funds Law (Ley de Fondos de Inversión), Article 73
Retirement Savings Systems Law (Ley de los Sistemas de Ahorro para el Retiro), Articles 50, section V and 66 Bis, section I
Rules for the Establishment of Foreign Financial Institution Subsidiary Companies (Reglas para el Establecimiento de Filiales de Instituciones Financieras del Exterior), Rule Tenth
Rules Applicable to Clearing Houses for Card Payments (Reglas Aplicables a las Cámaras de Compensación para Pagos con Tarjetas), Rule Second

Description: The majority of the members of the board of directors of commercial banks, securities firms, financial groups holding companies, popular financial companies, credit unions, general deposit warehouses, foreign exchange firms, bonding companies, insurance companies, retirement funds management companies, subsidiary managing companies of investment funds, subsidiary investment fund stock distribution companies and clearing houses for card payments, must be Mexican or reside in Mexican territory.

Directors and managers of savings and loans cooperative companies must be Mexican.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: Banking and other financial services (excluding insurance)

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 11.3)
Market Access for Financial Institutions (Article 11.5)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Securities Market Law (Ley del Mercado de Valores), Article 167

Description: If a subsidiary securities firm acquires a Mexican securities firm, both financial institutions must merge.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: Banking and other financial services (excluding insurance)

Obligations Concerned: Market Access for Financial Institutions (Article 11.5)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Retirement Savings Systems Law (Ley de los Sistemas de Ahorro para el Retiro), Article 26

Description: Retirement funds management companies may not own more than 20 per cent share of the retirement savings systems market.Footnote 3

The National Retirement Savings System Commission may authorise a limit beyond 20 per cent, provided that this does not constitute prejudice to the interests of workers.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: Banking and other financial services (excluding insurance)

Obligations Concerned: Market Access for Financial Institutions (Article 11.5)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Securities Market Law (Ley del Mercado de Valores), Article 234

Description: In order to be organised as a stock exchange, it is required to obtain prior concession from the Federal Government, which may be granted at the discretion of the financial authorities. The granting of such concessions will be subject to considerations regarding the market’s development.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: Insurance and insurance-related services

Obligations Concerned: Cross-Border Trade (Article 11.6)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Insurance and Bonding Companies Law (Ley de Instituciones de Seguros y Fianzas), Articles 20, 21, 22, 23 and 24

Description:

1. It is forbidden to contract with entities of another Party:

2. In the following cases, the National Insurance and Bonding Commission (Comisión Nacional de Seguros y Fianzas) (CNSF), may make an exception from paragraph 1:

3. The brokerage of insurance, agency of insurance and auxiliary services for the operations listed in paragraph 1 is forbidden.

4. The contracts entered into that contravene the aforementioned provisions will not have any legal effect.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: Banking and other financial services (excluding insurance)

Obligations Concerned: Cross-Border Trade (Article 11.6)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Insurance and Bonding Companies Law (Ley de Instituciones de Seguros y Fianzas), Articles 34 and 35

Description:

1. It is forbidden to contract with foreign companies bonds to guarantee acts of persons that must comply with obligations in Mexican territory, except for rebonding or when the bonds are received by Mexican bonding institutions as counterguarantee.

2. Notwithstanding the prohibition in paragraph 1, if none of the financial institutions authorised to operate in Mexico can or deems it convenient to undertake a bonding operation proposed to it, the National Insurance and Bonding Commission (Comisión Nacional de Seguros y Fianzas) (CNSF) once the above-mentioned circumstances have been proved to it, will grant a specific authorisation so that the individual proposing it may contract the bond directly with a foreign company, either directly or through a financial institution of Mexico.

3. The brokerage of the operations described in paragraph 1 is forbidden.

4. The contracts entered into that contravene the aforementioned provisions will not have any legal effect.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 11.3)

Level of Government: Central

Measures: Insurance and Bonding Companies Law (Ley de Instituciones de Seguros y Fianzas), Article 337, section X
Regulation of Insurance and Bonding Agents (Reglamento de Agentes de Seguros y de Fianzas), Article 12, section V, subparagraph (b)
Rules for the authorisation and operation of reinsurance brokers (Reglas para la autorización y operación de intermediarios de reaseguros), Rule Fourth

Description: Governments or official foreign entities may not participate in mutual insurance companies, the equity of insurance and bonding agencies, or the equity of reinsurance brokers, either directly or indirectly.

Foreign financial entities may not participate in insurance or bonding agencies, or mutual insurance companies.

Groups of foreign individuals or legal entities, regardless of the form they adopt, may not participate in the equity of mutual insurance companies, either directly or indirectly. For clarification purposes, foreign individuals may participate in mutual insurance companies as long as they do so individually and not as part of a group or entity.

Annex III - Section B

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: Market Access for Financial Institutions (Article 11.5)
Cross-Border Trade (Article 11.6)
Senior Management and Boards of Directors (Article 11.9)

Level of Government: Central

Description: Mexico, when selling or disposing of its equity interest in, or the assets of, an existing state enterprise or an existing governmental entity, may prohibit or impose limitations on the ownership of such interest or assets, and on the ability of owners of such interest or assets to control any resulting enterprise, by investors of Mexico of another Party or of a non-Party or their investments.

Additionally, Mexico may impose limitations on the supply of the services related to such investments. With respect to such a sale or other disposition, Mexico may adopt or maintain any measure relating to the nationality of individuals appointed to senior management positions or members of the board of directors.

For the purposes of this reservation:

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: Banking and other financial services (excluding insurance)

Obligations Concerned:

National Treatment (Article 11.3)

Level of Government: Central

Description: Mexico reserves the right to adopt or maintain measures that grant exclusive rights to development banks, decentralised entities or public funds for the economic development already established at the time that this Agreement comes into force, as well as any new, reorganised or transferee development bank, decentralised entity or public fund for the economic development with similar functions and objectives with respect to development banking.

The institutions of development banking include:

or their respective successors.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: National Treatment (Article 11.3)

Level of Government: Central

Description: Mexico reserves the right to adopt or maintain measures that grant advantages or exclusive rights to the national insurance institutions, national bonding institutions, a national pension fund or national auxiliary organisations of credit in existence at the date of entry into force of this Agreement, as well as any new, reorganised or transferee national insurance institution, national bonding institution, a national pension fund or national auxiliary organisation of credit with similar functions and objectives with respect to public policy purposes.

Sector: Financial Services

Sub-Sector: All

Obligations Concerned: Market Access for Financial Institutions (Article 11.5)

Level of Government: Central

Description: Mexico reserves the right to adopt or maintain any measure in relation to any financial service that is supplied by a covered investment as defined in Article 9.1 (Definitions) that is not a covered investment in a financial institution as defined in Article 11.1 (Definitions), in order to regulate such entity as a financial institution.

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